-ari

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See also: ARI, Ari, ari, arı, arī, Ári, ári, arí, àrì, -arí, and -äri

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ārius. Doublet of -er.

Suffix[edit]

-ari m (feminine -ària, masculine plural -aris, feminine plural -àries)

  1. forms adjectives, from nouns, meaning “of or related to the suffixed nouns”
    revolució (revolution) + ‎-ari → ‎revolucionari (revolutionary)

Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Old Norse -ari (suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs), from Middle Low German [Term?], from Latin -ārius.

Suffix[edit]

-ari m (genitive singular -ara, plural -arar)

  1. -er, -or; (a masculine suffix used to form agent nouns from verb and noun stems)
    at baka (to bake) + -aribakari (a baker).

Declension[edit]

Declension of -ari
m1 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative -ari -arin -arar -ararnir
accusative -ara -aran -arar -ararnar
dative -ara -aranum -arum -arunum
genitive -ara -arans -ara -aranna

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ari (front vowel harmony variant -äri)

  1. Variant of -ri; forms agent nouns.

Derived terms[edit]



Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Old Norse -ari (suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs). This suffix is not Germanic, ultimately deriving from Latin -ārius through borrowings, and lives on in different guises in the Germanic languages, e.g., in the German -er, used for the same purpose.

Suffix[edit]

-ari m (genitive singular -ara, plural -arar)

  1. -er, -or; (a masculine suffix used to form agent nouns from verb and noun stems)
    leika (to act) + -arileikari (an actor).

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ari m or f

  1. plural of -are

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ari m

  1. masculine plural of -aro

Etymology 3[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ari m

  1. masculine plural of -ario

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ārī

  1. dative masculine singular of -āris
  2. dative feminine singular of -āris
  3. dative neuter singular of -āris
  4. ablative masculine singular of -āris
  5. ablative neuter singular of -āris
  6. ablative feminine singular of -āris
  7. present passive infinitive of

Old High German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz

Suffix[edit]

-āri

  1. used to form agent nouns
    from nouns:buoch (book) + ‎-āri → ‎buochāri (scholar)
    from verbs:hëlfan (to help) + ‎-āri → ‎hëlfāri (helper)
Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]
  • Middle High German: -ære, -er
    • Alemannic German: -er
    • Cimbrian: -ar
    • German: -er
    • Luxembourgish: -er
    • Yiddish: ־ער(-er)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *warjaz.

Suffix[edit]

-āri

  1. used to form demonyms
    Baiāri (Bavarian)
    Romāri (Roman)
Descendants[edit]

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed as part of Medieval Latin and Middle Low German words. In both cases, it stems from Latin -ārius. The suffix -ari replaced the native suffix -i which was used for agent nouns before: skytari (shooter, bowman) instead of skyti (shooter, bowman), both derived from skjóta (to shoot).[1]

Suffix[edit]

-ari m

  1. a suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs; such as skytari (shooter, bowman), from skjóta (to shoot)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olav Næs, Norsk Grammatikk — Ordlære, 1952; p. 246

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz.

Suffix[edit]

-āri

  1. Forms masculine agent nouns from verbs: -er
  2. Forms masculine agent nouns from other nouns: -er

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Köbler, Gerhard, Altsächsisches Wörterbuch, (5. Auflage) 2014

Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ārium, -ārius.

Suffix[edit]

-ari

  1. -ary (nominal suffix)