-arium

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ārium.

Suffix[edit]

-arium

  1. A place associated with a specified thing.
  2. A device associated with a specified function.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Care should be taken to distinguish occurrences of -arium from occurrences of -ium. For instance: elements such as barium and samarium have the -ium suffix.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ārium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈaː.ri.ʏm/
  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-arium

  1. -arium

Derived terms[edit]



Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Neuter substantive of -ārius.

Suffix[edit]

-ārium n (genitive -āriī or -ārī); second declension

  1. Used to form nouns denoting a "place where things are kept" from other nouns.
    arma (weapons, tools) + ‎-arium → ‎armārium (closet, chest)
    sōl (sun) + ‎-arium → ‎sōlārium (sundial, house-top)
    columba (dove) + ‎-arium → ‎columbārium (dovecot)
Usage notes[edit]
  • -ārium of purpose: All usages of the -ārium suffix are properly neuter substantivisations for adjectives derived in -ārius from existing substantives. In most cases, the relationship between the two nouns is `place where;' this usage has been productive in all periods of Classical and post-Classical Latin. In addition, the same suffix has continued to be used to designate novel items according to their purposes. This class constitute approximately a quarter of commonly used -ārium suffixations. Adjectives in -ārius are generally formed from numerals or nouns.
    sūdor (sweat)sūdarius (sweaty)[1]sūdārium (handkerchief)
    mīlle (thousand)milliārius (relating to miles or thousands)milliārium (milepost)
    album (the colour white)albārius (relating to whitening walls)albārium (stucco)
  • -ārium by analogy: three commonly used nouns have been formed by analogy from adjectives or verbs:
    viridārium (hunting preserve, from viridis)
    inventārium (inventory, from inveniō)
    caldārium (hottest room in a Roman bath, from caldus)
  • -ārium for re-substantivation: four commonly used nouns are re-substantivated versions of cognate nouns formed directly from the adjectives in -ārium: pampinārium (vine tendril), alveārium (beehive), cellārium (pantry, cellar), and fustuārium (death by cudgeling). With the exception of cellārium, which was first attested in the fourth century, the remaining words were likely coined prior to the first millennium.
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -ārium -āria
Genitive -āriī
-ārī1
-āriōrum
Dative -āriō -āriīs
Accusative -ārium -āria
Ablative -āriō -āriīs
Vocative -ārium -āria

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: -arium

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Suffix[edit]

-ārium

  1. genitive feminine/masculine/neuter plural of -āris
  2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural of -ārius

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martial XI.xxxix