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See also: andi

Old Norse[edit]


From Proto-Germanic *-andz, from Proto-Indo-European *-nt-



  1. used to form present participles of verbs


Singular Plural
m f n m f n
Nominative -andi -andi -anda -andi -andi -andi
Accusative -anda -andi -anda -andi -andi -andi
Genitive -anda -andi -anda -andi -andi -andi
Dative -anda -andi -anda -ǫndum -ǫndum -ǫndum

Usage notes[edit]

The inflected forms were gradually lost and replaced by -andi throughout the Nordic language area. This happened during the 13th century in Norway and as late as in the 17th century in Iceland. In Icelandic, -ǫndum developed into -öndum/-endum, but all inflected forms are now considered obsolete[1].


  1. ^ http://snara.is/vefbaekur/g.aspx?dbid=2&action=search&sw=andi-&r=2


  • Norwegian (Nynorsk): -ande
  • Norwegian (Bokmål): -ende
  • Swedish: -ande, -ende (used with verbs that do not end with an unstressed -a in the infinitive)