present participle

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English[edit]

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Noun[edit]

present participle (plural present participles)

  1. (grammar) A verb form that indicates an ongoing action or state in the present and which can function as an adjective.

Usage notes[edit]

In English, a present participle adds the suffix -ing to a verb. You can precede a participle with a form of the verb to be to make what we call the "progressive tenses" of a verb. When a participle functions as a noun, we call it a gerund. A participle may also function as an adjective, especially in attributive use. It can evolve to become either a true noun or a true adjective, or both, with a shift in meaning, sometimes substantial. To see examples, look for words ending in "-ing" in Category:English adjectives and Category:English nouns.

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