-z

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Eye dialect spelling variant of -s.

Suffix[edit]

-z

  1. (urban slang, lolspeak) Used as a substitute for -s in marking the plural of nouns. Usually used in words in which the -s suffix is actually pronounced /z/.
    Boyz are always trouble.
    Oh hai. In teh beginnin Ceiling Cat maded teh skiez An da Urfs (Gen 1:1, LOLcat Bible)
  2. (urban slang) Used as a substitute for -s in marking verb inflections.
    He lovez me.

See also[edit]


Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown.[1]

Suffix[edit]

-z

  1. Forms the instrumental case.
    autobus (bus) + ‎-z → ‎autobusez (by bus)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ -z” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Sense query: is this a causative suffix? The semantics in tisztatisztáz and sóz suggest that it is.”

From Proto-Uralic *-ta-. The preceding vowel, if any, is from the original stem of the root word.

Suffix[edit]

-z

  1. (verb-forming suffix) Appended to a noun to form a verb.
    (salt)z (to salt)
  2. (obsolete noun-forming suffix) Found in igaz, száraz. See the main variant -sz.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (verb-forming suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -z is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -oz is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -az is added to other back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ez is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öz is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -áz is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant

Note: Certain words take another, synonymous suffix, -zik/-ozik/-azik/-ezik/-özik or -l/-ol/-al/-el/-öl/-ál.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Old French[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-z

  1. Replaces -ts at the end of a word.
    mort (dead) (oblique singular) → morz (dead) (oblique plural)

Swahili[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-z

  1. (Sheng) "urbanizes" a word, makes it more hip with youth

Usage notes[edit]

In Kenya, (-z) can be applied to nouns and verbs. In Tanzania, (-z) is usually only applied to nouns, like mtotoz.