-öl

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Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-ö- +‎ -l

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-öl

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the second-person singular present tense of verbs ending in -s, -sz, -z, -dz (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation).
    söröz (to drink beer) → sörözöl (you drink beer, you are drinking beer)
  2. (verb suffix) Added to a noun to form a verb.
    jel (a mark) → jelöl (to mark)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (personal suffix) Variants:
    -sz added to verbs not in the categories listed below
    vár (to wait) → vársz (you wait, you are waiting)
    -asz added to back vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
    hall (to hear) → hallasz (you hear, you are hearing)
    tanít (to teach) → tanítasz (you teach, you are teaching)
    -esz added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
    dönt (to decide) → döntesz (you decide, you are deciding)
    segít (to help) → segítesz (you help, you are helping)
    -ol added to back vowel verbs ending in s, sz, z, dz
    olvas (to read) → olvasol (you read, you are reading)
    -el added to unrounded front vowel verbs ending in s, sz, z, dz
    vesz (to buy) → veszel (you buy, you are buying)
    -öl added to rounded front vowel verbs ending in s, sz, z, dz
    főz (to cook) → főzöl (you cook, you are cooking)
  • (verb suffix) Variants:
    -l is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final long vowels may shorten, e.g. űü.
    -ol is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -al is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -el is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öl is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ál is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]