-esz

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See also: ész and -ész

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-esz

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the second-person singular present tense of verbs (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation).
    fest (to paint)festesz (you paint, you are painting)
  2. (nominal-forming suffix) Used to form nouns and adjectives from verb or nouns.
    eresz (eaves)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (personal suffix) Variants:
    -sz added to verbs not in the categories listed below
    vár (to wait)vársz (you wait, you are waiting)
    -asz added to back vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
    hall (to hear)hallasz (you hear, you are hearing)
    tanít (to teach)tanítasz (you teach, you are teaching)
    -esz added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
    dönt (to decide)döntesz (you decide, you are deciding)
    segít (to help)segítesz (you help, you are helping)
    -ol added to back vowel verbs ending in s, sz, z, dz
    olvas (to read)olvasol (you read, you are reading)
    -el added to unrounded front vowel verbs ending in s, sz, z, dz
    vesz (to buy)veszel (you buy, you are buying)
    -öl added to rounded front vowel verbs ending in s, sz, z, dz
    főz (to cook)főzöl (you cook, you are cooking)
  • (nominal-forming suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -asz added to back vowel words
    -esz added to front vowel words