-ök

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

-ö- ‎(linking vowel) +‎ -k ‎(plural suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ök

  1. (plural suffix) -s, -es
    kör ‎(circle) → körök ‎(circles)
    bűn ‎(sin) → bűnök ‎(sins)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (plural suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    ‎(woman) →‎ k ‎(women)
    fa ‎(tree) →‎ k ‎(trees)
    csésze ‎(cup) →‎ csészék ‎(cups)
    -ak is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    ház ‎(house) →‎ házak ‎(houses)
    -ok is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    pad ‎(bench) →‎ padok ‎(benches)
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    kert ‎(garden) →‎ kertek ‎(gardens)
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    circle →‎ körök ‎(circles)

Etymology 2[edit]

-ö- ‎(linking vowel) +‎ -k ‎(personal suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ök

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the first-person singular present tense of verbs (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation).
    böjtöl ‎(to fast) → böjtölök ‎(I fast, I am fasting)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) Variants:
    -ok is added to back vowel verbs
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel verbs
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel verbs
    -om is added to back vowel -ik verbs
    -em is added to unrounded front vowel -ik verbs
    -öm is added to rounded front vowel -ik verbs

See also[edit]