-ök

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

-ö- (linking vowel) +‎ -k (plural suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ök

  1. (plural suffix) -s, -es
    kör (circle) → körök (circles)
    bűn (sin) → bűnök (sins)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (plural suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    (woman) →‎ k (women)
    fa (tree) →‎ k (trees)
    csésze (cup) →‎ csészék (cups)
    -ak is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    ház (house) →‎ házak (houses)
    -ok is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    pad (bench) →‎ padok (benches)
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    kert (garden) →‎ kertek (gardens)
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    circle →‎ körök (circles)

Etymology 2[edit]

-ö- (linking vowel) +‎ -k (personal suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ök

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the first-person singular present tense of verbs (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation).
    böjtöl (to fast) → böjtölök (I fast, I am fasting)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) Variants:
    -ok is added to back vowel verbs
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel verbs
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel verbs
    -om is added to back vowel -ik verbs
    -em is added to unrounded front vowel -ik verbs
    -öm is added to rounded front vowel -ik verbs

See also[edit]