-at

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Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -atus.

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. forms the masculine singular past participle of verbs whose infinitives end in -ar
    parlar (to speak) + ‎-at → ‎parlat (spoken)
  2. forms adjectives, from nouns, meaning “which contains the suffixed noun”
    piga (freckle) + ‎-at → ‎pigat (freckled)
  3. forms nouns, from the names of types of professionals, meaning the position of being that type of professional; -dom
    almirall (admiral) + ‎-at → ‎almirallat (admiralty)

Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. A common ending for many infinitive verbs.

Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • -at in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin -ātum, whence also English -ate, and the inherited French doublet .[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. Usually denotes an action or a result of an action, as in assassinat (assassination)

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ é-; in: Jacqueline Picoche, Jean-Claude Rolland, Dictionnaire étymologique du français, Paris 2009, Dictionnaires Le Robert

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin -ātum, whence also English -ate.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. -ate

Derived terms[edit]



Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

-a- +‎ -t (causative suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. (causative suffix) Added to a back-vowel verb (or extremely rarely to a noun) to form a verb with a meaning of let or make somebody do something.
    zár (to close)zárat (to make someone close something)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (causative suffix) Variants:
    -at is added to back-vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    vár (to wait)várat (to have someone wait)
    -et is added to front-vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    kér (to ask for)kéret (to have someone ask for; to summon someone [by ordering a servant to fetch him/her])
    -tat is added to back-vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    tisztít (to clean)tisztíttat (to have someone clean)
    -tet is added to front-vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    keres (to look for)kerestet (to have someone look for)
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

-a- +‎ -t (noun-forming suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. (noun-forming suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun, expressing the result of the action or sometimes a more abstract relation (compare -ás/-és).
Usage notes[edit]
  • Variants:
    -at is added to back-vowel verbs
    gondol (to think)gondolat (a thought, an idea)
    mond (to say)mondat (sentence)
    -et is added to front-vowel verbs
    dicsér (to praise)dicséret (praise, commendation)
    él (to live)élet (life)
    ítél (to judge)ítélet (judgment)
    mér (to measure)méret (measurement, size)
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 3[edit]

Pronominal adverbs from case suffixes (cf. postpositions)
case suffix who? what? this that he/she
(it)*
v. pr. c.
nom. ki mi ez az ő* / Ø
az / Ø
acc. -t / -ot /
-at / -et / -öt
kit mit ezt azt őt* / Ø
azt / Ø
c1
c2
dat. -nak / -nek kinek minek ennek annak neki neki- c
ins. -val / -vel kivel mivel ezzel/
evvel
azzal/
avval
vele (vele-) c
c-f. -ért kiért miért ezért azért érte c
tra. -vá / -vé kivé mivé ezzé azzá c
ter. -ig meddig eddig addig c
e-f. -ként (kiként) (miként) ekként akként c
e-m. -ul / -ül c
ine. -ban / -ben kiben miben ebben abban benne c
sup. -n/-on/-en/-ön kin min ezen azon rajta (rajta-) c
ade. -nál / -nél kinél minél ennél annál nála c
ill. -ba / -be kibe mibe ebbe abba bele bele- c
sub. -ra / -re kire mire erre arra rá- c
all. -hoz/-hez/-höz kihez mihez ehhez ahhoz hozzá hozzá- c
el. -ból / -ből kiből miből ebből abból belőle c
del. -ról / -ről kiről miről erről arról róla c
abl. -tól / -től kitől mitől ettől attól tőle c
*: Ő and őt refer to human beings; the forms below them might be
construed likewise. – Forms in parentheses are uncommon. All »

-a- +‎ -t (accusative suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. (accusative suffix) Used to form the accusative case for a certain group of back-vowel nouns and numerals, back-vowel past participles, most back-vowel adjectives, and all back-vowel forms following any other inflectional suffix(es).
    ház (house)Vettem egy házat. – I bought a house.
    okos (smart, clever)okosat (smart, clever [acc.])
    hány? (how many)hányat? (how many [acc.])
    három (three)hármat (three [acc.])
    ablakok (windows)ablakokat (windows [acc.])
    asztalom (my desk/table)asztalomat (my desk/table [acc.])
    nagyobb (bigger)nagyobbat (a/the bigger one [acc.])
    nyitott (opened)nyitottat (the opened one [acc.])
Usage notes[edit]
  • (accusative suffix): It can be added to nouns, adjectives, numerals and pronouns. Whether a suffix-initial vowel (linking vowel) will be used is hard to predict and thus needs to be learned with each word. A rule of thumb, however, is that older and shorter words tend to incorporate a vowel, rather than simply use -t. Variants:
    -t is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final -o in foreign words changes to -ó-.
    -ot is added to most back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -at is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -et is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öt is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    • Note that this suffix is optional and is commonly omitted after possessive suffixes, especially in the singular but sometimes also in the plural (and sometimes after multiple-possession forms as well), except for the third-person singular (as it ends in a vowel so its single -t suffix creates no new syllable).
      Elviszem a kabátom(at), Elviszed a kabátod(at), Elviszi a kabátt (!), Elvisszük a kabátunk(at), Elviszitek a kabátotok(at), elviszik a kabátjuk(at).I’ll bring along my coat, you’ll bring along your coat, he/she…, we…, [plural] you…, they….

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of

Maltese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. Alternative form of -iet (noun plural suffix)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Regularly used after . Otherwise only in exceptional forms, though somewhat commonly after ħ and q.

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Samic *-ëŋkë.

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. Forms adjectives indicating something that is possessed as a characteristic.
    guhkes juolgi (long leg) + ‎-at → ‎guhkesjuolggat (long-legged)
Usage notes[edit]

This suffix triggers the weak grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

Inflection[edit]
Odd, no gradation
Attributive -at
Nominative -at
Genitive -aga
Attributive -at
Singular Plural
Nominative -at -agat
Accusative -aga -agiid
Genitive -aga -agiid
Illative -agii -agiidda
Locative -agis -agiin
Comitative -agiin -agiiguin
Essive -agin
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Samic *-ëtē, from Proto-Uralic *-eta. Related to Finnish -ea/-eä.

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. Forms adjectives from stems, without any particular meaning. Often, the more basic stem is an adverb, the adjective's own attributive form, or has fallen out of use altogether.
Usage notes[edit]

This suffix triggers the strong grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

Inflection[edit]
Odd, no gradation
Attributive
Nominative -at
Genitive -ada
Attributive
Singular Plural
Nominative -at -adat
Accusative -ada -adiid
Genitive -ada -adiid
Illative -adii -adiidda
Locative -adis -adiin
Comitative -adiin -adiiguin
Essive -adin
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 3[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. Form of the suffix -a used with odd-syllable stems.
Inflection[edit]
Even a-stem, hk-g gradation
Nominative -at
Genitive -aga
Singular Plural
Nominative -at -agat
Accusative -aga -agaid
Genitive -aga -agaid
Illative -ahkii -agaide
Locative -agas -again
Comitative -again -agaiguin
Essive -ahkan
Possessive forms
Singular Dual Plural
1st person -ahkan -ahkame -ahkamet
2nd person -ahkat -ahkade -ahkadet
3rd person -ahkas -ahkaska -ahkaset

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ātus, from Proto-Italic *-ātos, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂tos, from *-eh₂ + *-tós.

Suffix[edit]

-at n

  1. used to form nouns

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -atus

Suffix[edit]

-at n

  1. used to form nouns

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. indicates negation; does not

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • at in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.

Phalura[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. Second person plural suffix

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -íit (With e-ending verb stems)
  • -óot (With a-ending verb stems)
  • -et (Biori)
  • -éet (With e-ending verb stems in Biori)
  • -áat (With a-ending verb stems in Biori)

References[edit]

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem, Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[1], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, 2011, →ISBN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ātus, from Proto-Italic *-ātos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-at m or n (feminine singular -ată, masculine plural -ați, feminine and neuter plural -ate)

  1. Used with a stem to form the masculine singular past participle of regular -a (first conjugation) verbs.
    arunca (to throw) + ‎-at → ‎aruncat (thrown)
    cânta (to sing) + ‎-at → ‎cântat (to sung)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German -at, first from direct loanwords, and later becoming productive on its own.

Suffix[edit]

-at (Cyrillic spelling -ат)

  1. Used on nominal and verbal stems of loanwords, rarely of native words, to build nouns of various meanings.
    1. Denoting a person.
      adrèsaadrèsāt
      ȗnijaunìjat
      ȂzijaAzìjat
      MìjaMìjat
      delegácijadelègāt
      kandidíratikandìdāt
    2. Denoting a room, building or field.
      dèkāndekànāt
      ekònomekonòmāt
      kàlīfkalìfāt
      konzulkonzùlāt
      màršālmaršalat
      pròtektorprotektòrāt
      rȅktorrektòrāt
    3. Denoting an honor or service.
      dȍktordoktòrāt
      đȁkonđakònāt
      lȅktorlektòrāt
      pàtrōnpatrònāt
      nàdbiskupnadbiskùpāt
    4. Denoting collectivity.
      èpiskopepiskòpāt
      làiklaìkāt
      pàtrīcījpatricìjāt
    5. Denoting things.
      bikarbónabikarbònāt
      jodjòdāt
      separiratisepàrāt
    6. Denoting abstract notions.
      citíraticìtāt
      diktíratidìktāt
      hìstōrijahistorìjāt

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • Stjepan Babić (2002), Tvorba riječi u hrvatskome književnome jeziku, 3rd revised edition, HAZU: Zagreb, page 358

Volapük[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-at

  1. Used to indicate an amount

Derived terms[edit]