-ás

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ás

  1. (noun suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun.
    fut ‎(to run) → futás ‎(running)
    ír ‎(to write) → írás ‎(document / writing)
    lakik ‎(to live) → lakás ‎(dwelling, home, flat)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative -ás -ások
accusative -ást -ásokat
dative -ásnak -ásoknak
instrumental -ással -ásokkal
causal-final -ásért -ásokért
translative -ássá -ásokká
terminative -ásig -ásokig
essive-formal -ásként -ásokként
essive-modal
inessive -ásban -ásokban
superessive -áson -ásokon
adessive -ásnál -ásoknál
illative -ásba -ásokba
sublative -ásra -ásokra
allative -áshoz -ásokhoz
elative -ásból -ásokból
delative -ásról -ásokról
ablative -ástól -ásoktól
Possessive forms of -ás
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. -ásom -ásaim
2nd person sing. -ásod -ásaid
3rd person sing. -ása -ásai
1st person plural -ásunk -ásaink
2nd person plural -ásotok -ásaitok
3rd person plural -ásuk -ásaik

Usage notes[edit]

  • (noun suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ás is added to back vowel words
    -és is added to front vowel words
  • The suffix can be attached to any verb to make a noun that expresses the action or the process described by the verb itself, essentially like a gerund:
    olvas ‎(to read) → olvasás ‎(reading)
    eszik ‎(to eat) → evés ‎(eating)
  • Besides this meaning, for some verbs, the created noun also expresses the result or measurement (extent) of the process or action:
    ír ‎(to write) → írás ‎(the act of writing / document)
    fizet ‎(to pay) → fizetés ‎(the act of paying / salary)
    Note: for other verbs the result may be expressed by -mány, -vány, -alom, -at, -ék, -ály, -ám, -am, etc.

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]