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See also: é, -e, and

English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

  1. Used on words borrowed from other languages, especially French, as a reminder that the final "e" is not silent
    café, resumé

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

 m sg ‎(feminine -ena, masculine plural -ens, feminine plural -enes)

  1. (Valencia) Used to form an ordinal number from a cardinal number

Usage notes[edit]

The first four ordinals are irregular, and irregular forms derived directly from the Latin ordinal instead of using this suffix on the modern Catalan cardinal exist for 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 20, 100, and 1000. Ordinals for the powers of 1 000 000 do not use this suffix, but instead use -èsim. Uniquely, nové/novè(ninth) can be viewed as either coming from the use of this suffix or directly from the Latin ordinal.


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French , from Old French , -et, -at, from Latin -ātus, from Proto-Italic *-ātos. Compare the borrowed doublet -at.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

 m ‎(feminine -ée, masculine plural -és, feminine plural -ées)

  1. (grammar) past participle root verb suffix of regular -er verbs, an inflected infinitive verb; translation (-ed)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Translations of irregular root verb suffixes (-é), does not necessarily end in -ed. Example: "allé" -> (gone), "aller" -> (to go).

Derived terms[edit]



Hungarian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

  1. (non-attributive possessive suffix) 's, belonging to. Used to form the non-attributive possessive form of nouns. The plural form is -éi.
    iskola(school) - iskoláé(belonging to the school, of the school, the school's)
    Ez a szék az iskoláé - This chair belongs to the school / is the school's.
  2. (rare, chiefly Transylvanian) whether, if. Tag for yes/no questions, always written with a hyphen before. (variant of -e)
    Nem tudom, hogy sikerül. - I don't know whether we will succeed.
  3. (personal suffix, archaic) Used to form an archaic past tense, in third-person singular, definite conjugation, for front-vowel verbs. The back vowel version is . The currently used suffix in this place is -te.
    A virágokat nézé. - He was looking at the flowers.

See also[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -e (manuscript form)
  • -et (12th century or earlier)

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin -ātus. First attested in [842], as -at (jurat in the Oaths of Strasbourg) > [circa 1050] -et in the Song of Roland; the form first appears in the 12th century.

Suffix[edit]

  1. used to form past participles of regular -er verbs

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: