-va

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-pa, from Proto-Uralic *-pa. The Finnish form descends from the weak-grade variant *-ba, which was eventually extended by analogy to all verbs. The original strong grade remains as -pa in a few words (e.g. syöpä, käypä, kaikkivoipa), but these have lost their verbal meaning.

Suffix[edit]

-va (front vowel harmony variant -vä)

  1. Forms the present active participle of a verb, which is normally used like an adjective. The English equivalent is normally -ing, but sometimes also -ish.
    kirjoittaa (to write)kirjoittava tyttö = a writing girl
    punertaa (to redden)punertava taivas = reddish sky
Declension[edit]
Inflection of -va (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative -va -vat
genitive -van -vien
partitive -vaa -via
illative -vaan -viin
singular plural
nominative -va -vat
accusative nom. -va -vat
gen. -van
genitive -van -vien
-vainrare
partitive -vaa -via
inessive -vassa -vissa
elative -vasta -vista
illative -vaan -viin
adessive -valla -villa
ablative -valta -vilta
allative -valle -ville
essive -vana -vina
translative -vaksi -viksi
instructive -vin
abessive -vatta -vitta
comitative -vine
Possessive forms of -va (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person -vani -vamme
2nd person -vasi -vanne
3rd person -vansa
Only used with substantive adjectives, -inen adjectives used for comparisons of equality or agent participles.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Some inflected forms have specific uses:
    • genitive singular: used with verbs of reporting or observing to refer to someone doing an action according to that report or observation.
      Hänen sanotaan tekevän sen.
      It was said that s/he would do it.
    • essive plural: used with possessive suffix and olla to mean someone is feigning or pretending to do something (see olla olevinaan)
      Hän oli lukevinaan kirjaa.
      S/he pretended to read a book.
Derived terms[edit]

See Category:Finnish present active participles.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-va, from Proto-Uralic *-ŋa.

Suffix[edit]

-va (front vowel harmony variant -vä)

  1. Forms an adjective from a noun.
    liha (flesh, meat)lihava (fat)
    käsi (hand)käte (handy)
    tila (space)tilava (spacious)
    terä (cutting edge)terä (sharp)
    rinta (breast)rintava (buxom)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of -va (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative -va -vat
genitive -van -vien
partitive -vaa -via
illative -vaan -viin
singular plural
nominative -va -vat
accusative nom. -va -vat
gen. -van
genitive -van -vien
-vainrare
partitive -vaa -via
inessive -vassa -vissa
elative -vasta -vista
illative -vaan -viin
adessive -valla -villa
ablative -valta -vilta
allative -valle -ville
essive -vana -vina
translative -vaksi -viksi
instructive -vin
abessive -vatta -vitta
comitative -vine
Possessive forms of -va (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person -vani -vamme
2nd person -vasi -vanne
3rd person -vansa
Only used with substantive adjectives, -inen adjectives used for comparisons of equality or agent participles.
Derived terms[edit]


Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-va

  1. (adverbial participle suffix) Added to a verb to form an adverbial participle. Its nearest English equivalent is the -ing form functioning as a participle (rather than a noun).
    úszik (to swim)
    Úszva jött ide.He came here swimming

Usage notes[edit]

  • (adverbial participle suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -va is added to back-vowel verbs
    -ve is added to front-vowel verbs

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-va

  1. nominative feminine singular of -vus
  2. nominative neuter plural of -vus
  3. accusative neuter plural of -vus
  4. vocative feminine singular of -vus
  5. vocative neuter plural of -vus

Suffix[edit]

-vā

  1. ablative feminine singular of -vus

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-va

  1. masculine/neuter vocative singular of -vant

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from va, the popular (folk) variant of the third-person singular indicative form of the verb vrea (to want) (cf. also its usage as an auxiliary verb, or in conjugated forms of (a) voi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-va

  1. suffixed to some adverbs and preopositions, meaning "some"
    ce "what" + va "some" → ceva "something"
    cine "who" + va "some" → cineva "someone"
    unde "where" + va "some" → undeva "somewhere"
    când "when" + va "some" → cândva "sometime"
    cum "how" + va "some" → cumva "somehow"