jurat

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: jurât

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin iūrātus (sworn [man]) or iūrātum ([that which is] sworn), from Latin iūrō (I swear an oath). As a medieval office, via French jurat, via Occitan juré.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) (written statement): IPA(key): /ˈdʒʊəɹat/
    (other senses): IPA(key): /ˈdʒʊəɹat/, /ˈʒʊəɹa/
  • (US) (all senses): IPA(key): /ˈdʒʊˌɹæt/

Noun[edit]

jurat (plural jurats)

  1. (law) A sworn statement concerning where, when, and before whom an oath has been made.
    The affidavit's jurat reads "Sworn this __ day of ________, 20__, before me" and is followed by the notary's signature. Looks like she forgot to fill it in.
  2. (law, obsolete) A sworn person, particularly:
    1. (law, historical) A medieval informant: a man sworn to provide information about crimes committed in his neighborhood.
    2. (law, obsolete) A juror.
    3. A councilman or alderman of the Cinque Ports.
    4. A magistrate of Channel Islands, serving for life, who forms part of the islands' royal court.
      Guernsey and Jersey have twelve jurats each, and Alderney six.
      • 1974, GB Edwards, The Book of Ebenezer Le Page, New York 2007, p. 179:
        The Jurat came of a good old Guernsey family which, in the Middle Ages, always had the sense to fight on the side paid best [...].
    5. (historical) A municipal officer of Bordeaux and certain other French towns.
    6. (historical, in French contexts) A member of any association sworn to do nothing against its internal rules.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "jurat, n.1" and "jurat, n.2". Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1901.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan jurat, from Latin jūrātus, iūrātus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jurat m (plural jurats)

  1. jury
  2. juror
  3. panel of judges
  4. judge

Verb[edit]

jurat m (feminine jurada, masculine plural jurats, feminine plural jurades)

  1. past participle of jurar

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French, borrowed from Old Occitan jurat, from Medieval Latin iūrātus, noun use of the perfect passive participle of Latin iūrō (swear or take an oath) (compare the inherited French juré).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jurat m (plural jurats)

  1. A sworn man, particularly:
    1. (historical) A municipal officer of Bordeaux and certain other French towns prior to the French Revolution.
    2. (historical) A medieval court officer.
    3. (historical) A member of any association sworn to do nothing against its internal rules.

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

jūrat

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of jūrō

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Past participle of jura. Corresponds to Latin jūrātus, iūrātus. Noun sense partly based on French juré.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

jurat (past participle of jura)

  1. vowed, swore
  2. past participle of jura

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

jurat m (plural jurați)

  1. juror, member of a jury

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]