consul

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: cónsul and cônsul

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia enWikipedia en

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cōnsul, from con- ‎(with) + salīre ‎(to jump, to leap).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

consul ‎(plural consuls)

  1. (historical) Either of the two heads of government and state of the Roman Republic or the equivalent nominal post under the Roman and Byzantine Empires.
  2. (historical) Any of the three heads of government and state of France between 1799 and 1804.
  3. (obsolete) A count or earl.
  4. (obsolete) A councillor, particularly:
    1. (historical) A member of early modern city councils in southern France and Catalonia.
    2. (historical) An officer of the trading and merchant companies of early modern England.
    3. (historical) An official in various early modern port and trading towns, elected by resident foreign merchants to settle disputes among themselves and to represent them to the local authorities.
  5. (by extension) An official residing in major foreign towns to represent and protect the interests of the merchants and citizens of his or her country.
  6. (obsolete) A counsellor.
    • Shakespeare
      Many of the consuls, raised and met,
      Are at the duke's already.
    • Bible, Job. iii. 14 (Douay version)
      With kings and consuls of the earth.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "consul, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1893.

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

consul c ‎(plural consuls)

  1. consul (official in foreign country)
  2. (historical) consul (of the Roman Republic)

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin cōnsul.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

consul m ‎(plural consuls, feminine consule)

  1. consul, in its various senses.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (early modern councilmen of southern France and Catalonia): échevin; capitoul (Toulouse)

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia la

Bas-relief of Flavius Anastasius Paulus Probus Sabinianus Pompeius (consul 517 AD) in consular garb.

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin consol. Maybe related to the Latin verb cōnsulō but details are not clear.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cōnsul m ‎(genitive cōnsulis); third declension

  1. consul; either of the two highest-ranking officials of the Roman republic, elected annually
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations (Latin text and English translations here)
      O tempora, o mores! Senatus haec intellegit, consul videt; hic tamen vivit. Vivit?
      "Shame on the age and on its principles! The senate is aware of these things; the consul sees them; and yet this man lives. Lives!"
  2. a proconsul
  3. the highest magistrate in other states
  4. an epithet of the god Jupiter

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cōnsul cōnsulēs
genitive cōnsulis cōnsulum
dative cōnsulī cōnsulibus
accusative cōnsulem cōnsulēs
ablative cōnsule cōnsulibus
vocative cōnsul cōnsulēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “console” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, ISBN 978-88-00-20781-2
  • consul” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cōnsul ‎(consul).

Noun[edit]

consul m ‎(plural consuls)

  1. (Jersey) consul

Related terms[edit]