Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
- 1 German
- 2 Hungarian
- 3 Latvian
- plural suffix for family names that end in a sibilant consonant
- Schmitz → (die) Schmitzens (“the Schmitzes, “the Schmitz family”)
- Pütz → (die) Pützens (“the Pützes, “the Pütz family”)
- (dated) genitive suffix for personal names that end in a sibilant consonant
- Max → Maxens Vater (“Max’s father”)
- Klaus → Klausens Mutter (“Klaus’s mother”)
- (dated) genitive suffix for personal names that end in -ia
- Claudia → Claudiens Tochter (“Claudia’s daughter”)
- Maria → Mariens Sohn (“Mary’s son”)
- In contemporary usage the genitive is usually left unmarked after sibilants, and indicated with an apostrophe in writing: Max’ Vater. Such unmarked genitives, in turn, are often avoided and paraphrased: der Vater von Max (colloquially: vom Max).
- The genitive is formed with -s after -ia: Claudias, Marias. Only the form Mariens remains current, but it is restricted to the Virgin Mary.
- forms adverbs from superlatives and ordinal numbers
- Adverbs in -ens often have an absolute superlative sense, meaning “at most, maximally” or “very much, exceedingly”. These forms are widely lexicalized, however. That is to say that they cannot be formed freely, except in poetic or humorous language.
- canoo.net: Personennamen
- duden.de: Beugung von Personennamen, Ehrenrettung für Großmutters Apfelkuchen
- A distinguishable foreign word ending in nouns and adjectives. It is not considerable as an independent Hungarian suffix.
- Attila Mártonfi: The System of the Hungarian Suffixes, Theses of PhD Dissertation, Budapest, 2006
- Added to nouns to form new nouns; possibly simply a variant of -enis.