-nál

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See also: nal, nål, and nál

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Case suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-nál

  1. (case suffix) at. Used to form the adessive case.
    A háznál várt rám. - He was waiting for me at the house.
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • (case suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -nál is added to back vowel words. Final -a changes to -á-.
    a hegy lába ‎(the foot of the mountain) →‎ a hegy lábánálat the foot of the mountain
    -nél is added to front vowel words. Final -e changes to -é-.
    az ágy feje ‎(the head of the bed) →‎ az ágy fejénélat the head of the bed

Etymology 2[edit]

-ná ‎(conditional suffix) +‎ -l ‎(personal suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-nál

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the second-person singular present tense of verbs (conditional mood, indefinite conjugation).
    olvas ‎(to read) → Olvasnál valamit?Would you read something?
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -nál is added to most back vowel verbs
    vár ‎(to wait) → várnál ‎(you would wait)
    -nél is added to most front vowel verbs
    kér ‎(to ask) → kérnél ‎(you would ask)
    -anál is added to back vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t (exceptions áll, száll, varr, forr, lát)
    mond ‎(to say something) → mondanál ‎(you would say something)
    tanít ‎(to teach) → tanítanál ‎(you would teach)
    -enél is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t
    fest ‎(to paint) → festenél ‎(you would paint)
    segít ‎(to help) → segítenél ‎(you would help)

See also[edit]