válik

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: valik

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Most likely from Proto-Finno-Ugric *walka- or *wïlka- (to descend, go down). Cognate with Finnish valkama (boat-shore, spot on the banks where a path across ice or water starts, haven), Northern Sami vuolgit (to go, leave, depart, be, become, go out from), Eastern Mari волем (volem, to go down, fall), and Northern Mansi vaᵞi̮li (vaᵞi̮li, to descend, be killed by a bear).[1] Possibly contaminated with the meaning "become", based off the root val-/vol- found in való (suitable, real, existing) and in some conjugations of the verb van (to be, exist) (volt, volna). The latter root comes from Proto-Finno-Ugric *wole- (to be, become).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈvaːlik]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: vá‧lik

Verb[edit]

válik

  1. (intransitive) to become, to turn or turn into (something -vá/-vé or -ra/-re with valóra)
    Synonyms: változik, átváltozik, alakul, átalakul, lesz
    a vér nem válik vízblood is thicker than water (literally, “the blood does not turn into water”)
  2. (intransitive) to become, to make, to come to (out of someone -ból/-ből)
    Synonym: lesz
    Remek orvos válik majd belőle.He'll make a great doctor. (literally, “A great doctor will become out of him.”)
  3. (intransitive, mostly in set phrases: becsületére, büszkeségére, dicséretére, díszére, egészségére, hasznára, javára, üdvösségére, szégyenére, kárára) to cause, boost, heighten, improve, enhance, or contribute to a certain state or quality of someone, to induce or bring about something, to serve as something for someone (-ra/-re)
  4. (intransitive) to separate, to part (from something -tól/-től)
    Synonym: elkülönül
    Perfectives: elválik, különválik, szétválik
    • 1995, Lajos Parti Nagy, Esti kréta, Jelenkor. From the poem Nyár, némafilm (’Summer, silent film’ – translation by Kinga Dornacher and Stephen Humphreys, published under the title Europink in 1999)
      Ma bolyhos csönd a nyár, keringő vattazápor, / válik a nyár, fehér bohóc a cirkuszától
      This quiet summer day is a shower-waltz of wooldust, / the aspen’s parting – sad pierrot leaves his circus
  5. (intransitive) to divorce (to legally dissolve a marriage between two people) (from someone -tól/-től)
    Perfective: elválik
    Válik a férjétől.She is divorcing her husband.

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This verb is called a pseudo-ik verb, as its -ik ending only presents itself in the 3rd-person singular (indicative present) form, but it is not an -ik verb in any other aspect. As a result, it cannot take the -om/-em/-öm ending in the 1st-person singular (indicative present) form, even in the most erudite style, only -ok/-ek/-ök. Naturally, the optional -m ending cannot appear, either, in their subjunctive or conditional 1st-person singular forms, so only -jak/-jek and -nék is possible in these respective forms. Similarly, the archaic -ék is not possible, either, in the subjunctive or conditional 3rd-person singular forms, i.e. -jék or -nék, only -jon/-jen-jön can appear as their subjunctive 3rd-person singular forms and -na/-ne as their conditional 3rd-person singular forms. These verbs include the following: bomlik, (el)bújik, (meg)érik, (le)folyik, (össze)gyűlik, hazudik, (le)hullik, (bele)/(oda)illik, (meg)jelenik, (el)kopik, (el)múlik, (ki)nyílik, ömlik, (meg)születik, (meg)szűnik, (meg)telik, tojik, (el)törik, (el)/(fel)tűnik, (el)válik, and (el)züllik.

Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

(Expressions):

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • válik in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.