vaina

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See also: vainā, vaiņa, and vaiņā

Bilur[edit]

Noun[edit]

vaina

  1. woman

Further reading[edit]

  • Malcolm Ross, Proto Oceanic and the Austronesian Languages of Western Melanesia, Pacific Linguistics, series C-98 (1988)

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vēna. Compare Romansch avaina, Italian vena, Romanian vână, French veine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vaina f

  1. vein

Latvian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *wei-, *wai- (with an added suffix -nā-), from Proto-Indo-European *wei- (to move, go ahead; to be strong). Cognates include Lithuanian vainóti (to criticize, to scold) (compare archaic Lithuanian vaina (error, transgression)), Old Prussian etwinūt (to blame) (maybe a borrowing from Slavic), Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian вина (viná), Belarusian віна (viná, fault, guilt, transgression).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vaina f (4th declension)

  1. fault, guilt (an offense punishable according to the law; behavior or conduct with bad consequences)
    pierādīta vainaproven guilt
    vainas apziņaawareness of guilt
    neapzināties savu vainuto be unaware of, not acknowledge one's guilt
    atzīt savu vainuto plead guilty
    noliegt savu vainuto deny one's guilt, to plead not guilty
    vainu mīkstinoši apstākļimitigating circumstances
    vainu pastiprinoši apstākļiaggravating circumstances
    būt pie vainasto be to blame
  2. defect, imperfection, flaw, fault
    viņa darbs ir bez vainashis work is without flaw
    tā ir maza vaina!this is a small flaw!
    šai drānai nav nekādas vainasthis fabric has no flaw
    kas uzvalkam vaina?what is the problem with the suit?
    aparātam ir kāda vaina, ka tas nedarbojasthe machine has some problem, it doesn't work
  3. disease, ailment, wound
    viņi visas vainas ārstējot ar zāļu tējām'they treat all diseases with herbal teas
    sūdzēties par visādām vaināmto complain about all kinds of ailments
    izmazgāt vainasto wash one's wounds
  4. cause
    ja viņš nestrādā, tad tā ir tikai slinkuma vainaif he doesn't work, it is only because of laziness

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vaina”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin vāgīna (sheath). Compare Portuguese bainha, also French gaine, Italian guaina. Cf. also Spanish vagina, a borrowing from the same source.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vaina f (plural vainas)

  1. pod
  2. scabbard, sheath
  3. case, casing
    • 2005, Vsevolod Smirnoff, Recuerdos de una astilla, page 11:
      Entre los dos yacía en el piso una vaina de cartucho de revólver.
      On the floor between the two lay a revolver cartridge case.
  4. (Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, colloquial) thing, gadget
  5. (Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, colloquial) hickey
  6. (slang) worthless person
  7. (regional) green bean

Synonyms[edit]