From Middle English *pod ("seed-pod, husk, shell"; attested in pod-ware (“legume seed; seed grain”)), possibly from Old English pād (“an outer garment, covering, coat, cloak”), from Proto-West Germanic *paidu, from Proto-Germanic *paidō (“coat, smock, shirt”), from Proto-Indo-European *baiteh₂- (“woolen clothes”). Cognate with Old Saxon pēda (“skirt”), German dialectal Pfeid, Pfeit (“shirt”), Gothic 𐍀𐌰𐌹𐌳𐌰 (paida, “mantle, skirt”), Albanian petk (“gown, garment, dress, suit”), Ancient Greek βαίτη (baítē, “goat-skin, fur-coat, tent”).
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpɒd/
Audio (UK) (file)
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈpɑd/
- Rhymes: -ɒd
- Homophone: pawed (in accents with the cot-caught merger)
pod (plural pods)
- (botany) A seed case for legumes (e.g. peas, beans, peppers); a seedpod.
- A small vehicle, especially used in emergency situations.
- (obsolete, Britain, dialect) A bag; a pouch.
- (collective, zoology) A group of whales, dolphins, seals, porpoises or hippopotami.
- Synonym: gam
- A small section of a larger office, compartmentalised for a specific purpose.
- A subsection of a prison, containing a number of inmates.
- A nicotine cartridge.
- A lie-flat business or first class seat.
- (intransitive) To bear or produce pods
- 1849, Herman Melville, Mardi, and a Voyage Thither:
- Wherefore it was, that many ignorant Mardians, who had not pushed their investigations into the science of physiology, sagely divined, that the Tapparians must have podded into life like peas, instead of being otherwise indebted for their existence.
- 1939, Leonard Alfred George Strong, The Open Sky, page 64:
- David looked seawards along the river. He stared, rubbed his eyes, and stared again. One of the rocks seemed to have podded into something swollen, black and smooth.
- 2012, Deborah Moggach, You Must Be Sisters, →ISBN, page 219:
- In the herbaceous border many flowers had seeded and podded; spears of them, brown, now rose up behind the mauve blur of the michaelmas daisies.
- (transitive) To remove peas from their case.
- (transitive, intransitive) To put into a pod or to enter a pod.
- 1955, Military Review - Volume 35, Issue 9, page 81:
- Thus the torpedoes will have to be stored internally or be podded into streamline containers.
- 1957, Aviation Week - Volume 66, page 23:
- Lycoming is working on a twin T53 or T55 turboprop installation whereby two engines would be podded together to drive a single propeller.
- 2004, Yefim Gordon & Dmitriy Komissarov, Antonov An-12 Cub, page 90:
- One, called An- 12BZ-2, was a single-point hose-and- drogue tanker similar to the RAF's Lockheed C-130K Hercules C.1K, except that the hose drum unit was podded, not built in.
- 2006, Journal of the British Interplanetary Society - Volume 59, page 130:
- This was to be achieved by increasing the number of Lotarev D-18T engines to 8 by podding the inboard pylons on each side to take two engines (see Fig. 7).
- 2011, Roger Cliff, Chad J. R. Ohlandt, & David Yang, Ready for Takeoff: China's Advancing Aerospace Industry, →ISBN:
- In June 2009, the company opened another facility in Tianjin to provide nacelle and thrust-reverser MRO services and to support engine buildup and podding work for the new Airbus A320 assembly line in the same city.
- 2012, Gabriel Blue Melchizedek, The Alienvirus, →ISBN:
- Then i was podded by a buddie of mine, working the burrough next to mine, all humans had a blue rabbit glow around them and seemed to sleep walk out of the burrough out in to a field while a sound like; ta-ta-dah-taaa, sounded continously, where they waited while looking up in the sky.
- (intransitive) To swell or fill.
- Hyphenation: pod
pod + instrumental
- pod in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
- pod in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
- Superseded spelling of .
- (+ instrumental) below, beneath, under, underneath (denotes location)
- pod ziemią ― underground
- (+ accusative) below, beneath, under, underneath (denotes movement)
- (+ accusative) against
- pod wiatr ― against the wind
- Nie płyń pod prąd! ― Don't swim against the current!
- (+ instrumental) near
- Mieszkała pod Warszawą ― She lived near Warsaw.
- pod in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
- pod in Polish dictionaries at PWN
pod n (plural poduri)
pȍd m (Cyrillic spelling по̏д)
- poda (enclitic pronominal form)
pȍd (Cyrillic spelling по̏д)
- (+ accusative case) under, beneath (with change of position, answering the question kùda)
- (+ instrumental case) under, beneath (stationary, answering the question gdjȅ/gdȅ)
- (+ instrumental case) under, beneath (being in a particular condition)
- biti pod sumnjom ― to be under suspicion
- biti pod pritiskom ― to be under pressure
- biti pod dojmom ― to be under impression
- pod oružjem ― under arms
- biti pod nadzorom ― to be under supervision/surveillance
- biti pod nečijom zaštitom ― to be under someone's protection
- biti pod naglaskom ― to be accented (stressed), to be under the accent (stress)
- pisati pod pseudonimom ― to write under the pen name, pseudonymously
- biti pod zakletvom ― to be under oath
- (+ accusative case) near, toward, in (temporal, with nouns denoting a final temporal segment)
- pod jesen ― toward fall
- pod kraj ― near the end
- pod starost ― in one's old age
- (+ instrumental case) during (temporal)
- pod odmorom ― during the (school) break
- pod pauzom ― during the (job) break
- pod satom ― during the (school) lesson
- pod vladavinom ― during the reign of
- (+ accusative case) as, instead of, in lieu of
- pokušati prodati mrkvu pod rotkvu ― to try selling carrot as radish
- miscellaneous idiomatic meanings
- to je pod moranje ― that is obligatory
- baciti pod noge ― to reject, throw away
- nebu pod oblake ― far away
- pod uv(j)etom/uslovom da ― under the condition of, on the condition that
- pod izgovorom ― under the pretext
- pod Zagrebom ― near Zagreb
- pod Velebitom ― at the foot of Velebit, on the foothills of Velebit
- pod korovom ― covered/overgrown with weed
- ništa pod (milim) bogom ― absolutely nothing
- pod kontrolom (with genitive) ― under the control (of)
- pod tim(e) mislim ― by that I mean
- biti pod antibioticima ― to be on antibiotics
- pod pravim kutom ― perpendicular
pod + instrumental
pȍd m inan
|Masculine inan., hard o-stem|
This noun needs an inflection-table template.
pod (nominative plural pods)