pod

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See also: POD, pod-, pód, po'd, PO'd, -pod, and -pód

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English *pod ("seed-pod, husk, shell"; attested in pod-ware (legume seed; seed grain)), possibly from Old English pād (an outer garment, covering, coat, cloak), from Proto-Germanic *paidō (coat, smock, shirt), from Proto-Indo-European *baiteh₂- (woolen clothes). Cognate with Old Saxon pēda (skirt), German dialectal Pfeid, Pfeit (shirt), Gothic 𐍀𐌰𐌹𐌳𐌰 (paida, mantle, skirt), Albanian petk (gown, garment, dress, suit), Ancient Greek βαίτη (baítē, goat-skin, fur-coat, tent).

Pronunciation[edit]

Rhymes: -ɒd

Noun[edit]

pod (plural pods)

  1. (botany) A seed case for legumes (e.g. peas, beans, peppers)
    Synonyms: capsule, case, container, hull, husk, shell, vessel
  2. A small vehicle, especially used in emergency situations.
  3. (obsolete, Britain, dialect) A bag; a pouch.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Tusser to this entry?)
  4. (collective, zoology) A group of whales, dolphins, seals, porpoises or hippopotami.
    Synonym: gam
  5. A small section of a larger office, compartmentalised for a specific purpose.

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

pod (third-person singular simple present pods, present participle podding, simple past and past participle podded)

  1. (intransitive) To bear or produce pods
  2. (transitive) To remove peas from their case.
  3. (intransitive) To swell or fill.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pod

Adverb[edit]

pod

  1. (focus) also; too
  2. (after a negative) either

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pod + instrumental

  1. below

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pod

  1. superseded spelling of pód.

Polish[edit]

pod

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *podъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂po + dʰh₁-o-

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pod

  1. (+ instrumental) below, beneath, under, underneath (denotes location)
    pod ziemią — underground
  2. (+ accusative) below, beneath, under, underneath (denotes movement)
  3. (+ accusative) against
    pod wiatr - against the wind
    Nie płyń pod prąd! - Don't swim against the current!

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pod in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

Noun[edit]

pod n (plural poduri)

  1. bridge
  2. attic

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pȍd m (Cyrillic spelling по̏д)

  1. floor
    pasti na podto fall to the floor
  2. ground
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (enclitic pronominal form): poda

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pȍd (Cyrillic spelling по̏д)

  1. (+ accusative case) under, beneath (with change of position, answering the question kùda)
    s(j)ela je pod stabloshe sat down under the tree
    pao je pod vlakhe fell under the train
  2. (+ instrumental case) under, beneath (stationary, answering the question gdjȅ/gdȅ)
    ona s(j)edi pod stablomshe is sitting under the tree
    pod suncemunder the sun
  3. (+ instrumental case) under, beneath (being in a particular condition)
    biti pod sumnjomto be under suspicion
    biti pod pritiskomto be under pressure
    biti pod dojmomto be under impression
    pod oružjemunder arms
    biti pod nadzoromto be under supervision/surveillance
    biti pod nečijom zaštitomto be under someone's protection
    biti pod naglaskomto be accented (stressed), to be under the accent (stress)
    pisati pod pseudonimomto write under the pen name, pseudonymously
    biti pod zakletvomto be under oath
  4. (+ accusative case) near, toward, in (temporal, with nouns denoting a final temporal segment)
    pod jesentoward fall
    pod krajnear the end
    pod starostin one's old age
  5. (+ instrumental case) during (temporal)
    pod odmoromduring the (school) break
    pod pauzomduring the (job) break
    pod satomduring the (school) lesson
    pod vladavinomduring the reign of
  6. (+ accusative case) as, instead of, in lieu of
    pokušati prodati mrkvu pod rotkvuto try selling carrot as radish
  7. miscellaneous idiomatic meanings
    to je pod moranjethat is obligatory
    baciti pod nogeto reject, throw away
    nebu pod oblakefar away
    pod uv(j)etom/uslovom daunder the condition of, on the condition that
    pod izgovoromunder the pretext
    pod Zagrebomnear Zagreb
    pod Velebitomat the foot of Velebit, on the foothills of Velebit
    pod korovomcovered/overgrown with weed
    ništa pod (milim) bogomabsolutely nothing
    pod kontrolom (with genitive)under the control (of)
    pod tim(e) mislimby that I mean
    biti pod antibioticimato be on antibiotics
    pod pravim kutomperpendicular

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pod + instrumental

  1. below

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pòd m inan (genitive pôda, nominative plural pôdi)

  1. floor (lower part of a room)

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

pod (plural pods)

  1. apple

Declension[edit]