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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish , from Proto-Celtic *bāus, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 f (genitive singular , nominative plural ba)

  1. cow

Declension[edit]

  • Alternative dative singular: buin

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bhó mbó
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • bo (nonstandard)

Romanization[edit]

(bo2, Zhuyin ㄅㄛˊ)

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Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *bāus, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 f (genitive bóu or , nominative plural baí)

  1. ox, cow

Declension[edit]

Feminine irregular
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative L baíL baíH
Vocative L baíL H
Accusative boinN baíL H
Genitive bóuH, H L báoN, N
Dative boinL buaib buaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish:
  • Manx: booa
  • Scottish Gaelic: ,

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization

pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbó
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 f

  1. Superseded spelling of .

Declension[edit]

Case Singular Plural
Nominative
Genitive or boin
Dative boin or
Vocative a bhó!

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *pɔːʔ; cognate with Arem pɑːˀ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

(, , , 𣔩, 𥿠)

  1. to pack, press

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Noun[edit]

(classifier cái) (, , , 𣔩, 𥿠)

  1. pack, bundle
    hoaBouquet