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U+8116, 脖
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8116

[U+8115]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8117]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月十月木 (BJBD), four-corner 74247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 982, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29497
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1435, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2076, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8116

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯːds, *bɯːds, *bɯːd
*bɯːds, *bɯːd
*bɯːds, *bɯːd
*pʰɯːd
*pʰɯːd, *bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*pɯd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯːd): semantic  (flesh) + phonetic  (OC *bɯːds, *bɯːd).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𩓐

Attested since the Yuan dynasty. Zhengzhang (2002) proposes that it comes from (OC *poːwɢ, “embroidered collar”), but Sheng (2010) points out that it is unlikely because of the rare literary usage of in the literature compared to the explosive vernacular usage of since the Yuan dynasty; he instead proposes that it may be from Proto-Turkic *bōjn (neck).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. neck

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 脖子 (“neck”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 頸項
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 頸項頸部
Mandarin Beijing 脖子
Taiwan 脖子
Harbin 脖子
Shenyang 脖子
Hailar 脖子
Ulan Hot 脖子
Tongliao 脖子
Chifeng 脖子
Bayanhot 脖子脖頸
Jinan 脖子
Muping 脖子
Luoyang 脖子
Jiedian 脖項脖子
Xi'an 脖項脖子
Qingdao 脖頸子
Zhengzhou 脖子
Xining 脖板脖脖
Xuzhou 脖頸子脖了頸子
Yinchuan 脖子
Lanzhou 脖子
Ürümqi 脖子
Wuhan 頸子頸框
Chengdu 頸項脖子頸子
Guiyang 脖頸
Liuzhou 頸脖
Kunming 脖子
Yangzhou 頸項頸亢
Nanjing 頸子脖子
Hefei 腦頸把子
Nantong 頸項頸亢
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Taishan
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang 頸柄
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Danzhou
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang 頸牯
Hakka Meixian 頸根
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu 頸根
Wuping 頸根
Liancheng 頸骨
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou 頸根
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 頸根
Liudui (S. Sixian) 頸根
Hsinchu (Hailu) 頸根
Dongshi (Dabu) 頸根
Zhuolan (Raoping) 頸根
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang 頸根
Huizhou Jixi 扣頸脰頸
Shexian 頭頸項頸
Tunxi 頭頸
Jin Taiyuan 脖子
Xinzhou 脖子
Baochang 脖子
Jining 脖頸
Hohhot 脖子
Baotou 脖頸
Dongsheng 脖子
Linhe 脖頸
Haibowan 脖頸
Min Bei Jian'ou 仲仲
Min Dong Fuzhou 脰骨
Changle 脰骨
Fuqing 脰脖筋脰脖株
Yongtai 脰骨
Gutian 脰穩
Fu'an 脰穩
Ningde 脰穩
Shouning 脰領
Zhouning 脰引
Fuding 脰穩
Matsu 脰脖
Min Nan Xiamen 頷頸脰項
Quanzhou 頷胿
Zhangzhou 頷頸頷仔
Taipei 頷頸仔
Kaohsiung 頷頸
Tainan 頷胿頷頸仔頷仔頸
Taichung 頷仔頸
Wuqi 頷頸
Hsinchu 頷頸
Taitung 頷頸仔
Lukang 頷頸
Sanxia 頷頸
Yilan 頷頸頷頸仔
Kinmen 頷頸
Magong 頷頸
Penang 頷仔頸頷頸
Philippines (Manila) 頷胿
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Wenchang 脰蒂根
Haikou 脰蒂
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian 脰顱
Xianyou 脰顱
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai 頭頸頭頸骨
Suzhou 頭頸
Hangzhou 脰頸脖子
Wenzhou 頭頸
Chongming 頸骨
Danyang 頸梗
Jinhua 項頸
Tangxi 頭頸
Ningbo 頭頸骨頭頸
Xiang Changsha 頸根頸箍
Shuangfeng 頸殼
Xiangtan 頸筋
Loudi 頸殼頸筋

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Benedict (1979) relates this word to Tibetan དབུས (dbus, middle; centre). Alternatively, Schuessler (2007) relates this word to Proto-Monic *p[r/m]nus (navel).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/buot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/buət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwət̚/
Li
Rong
/buət̚/
Wang
Li
/buət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 984
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːd/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in words meaning “navel”.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): ほつ (hotsu), ぼち (bochi), ぼつ (botsu)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bal) (hangeul , revised bal, McCune–Reischauer pal, Yale pal)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bột)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.