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U+8116, 脖
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8116

[U+8115]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8117]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月十月木 (BJBD), four-corner 74247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 982, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29497
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1435, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2076, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8116

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯːds, *bɯːds, *bɯːd
*bɯːds, *bɯːd
*bɯːds, *bɯːd
*pʰɯːd
*pʰɯːd, *bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*bɯːd
*pɯd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯːd): semantic  (flesh) + phonetic  (OC *bɯːds, *bɯːd).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𩓐

Attested since the Yuan dynasty. Zhengzhang (2002) proposes that it comes from (OC *poːwɢ, “embroidered collar”), but Sheng (2010) points out that it is unlikely because of the rare literary usage of in the literature compared to the explosive vernacular usage of since the Yuan dynasty; he instead proposes that it may be from Proto-Turkic *bōjn (neck).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. neck

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 脖子 (“neck”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , 頸項,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 頸項, 頸部
Mandarin Beijing 脖子
Taiwan 脖子
Harbin 脖子
Shenyang 脖子
Hailar 脖子
Ulan Hot 脖子
Tongliao 脖子
Chifeng 脖子
Bayanhot 脖子, 脖頸
Jinan 脖子
Muping 脖子
Luoyang 脖子
Jiedian 脖項, 脖子
Xi'an 脖項, 脖子
Qingdao 脖頸子
Zhengzhou 脖子
Xining 脖板, 脖脖
Xuzhou 脖頸子, 脖了頸子
Yinchuan 脖子
Lanzhou 脖子
Ürümqi 脖子
Wuhan 頸子, 頸框
Chengdu 頸項, 脖子, 頸子
Guiyang 脖頸
Liuzhou 頸脖
Kunming 脖子
Yangzhou 頸項, 頸亢
Nanjing 頸子, 脖子
Hefei 腦頸把子
Nantong 頸項, 頸亢
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
Foshan
Shunde
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Taishan
Kaiping (Chikan)
Dongguan
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang , 頸柄
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Danzhou
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang 頸牯
Hakka Meixian 頸根
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu 頸根
Wuping 頸根
Liancheng 頸骨
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou 頸根
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 頸根
Liudui (S. Sixian) 頸根
Hsinchu (Hailu) 頸根
Dongshi (Dabu) 頸根
Hsinchu (Raoping) 頸根
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang , 頸根
Huizhou Jixi 扣頸, 脰頸
Shexian 頭頸, 項頸
Tunxi 頭頸
Jin Taiyuan 脖子
Xinzhou 脖子
Baochang 脖子
Jining 脖頸
Hohhot 脖子
Baotou 脖頸
Dongsheng 脖子
Linhe 脖頸
Haibowan 脖頸
Min Bei Jian'ou , 仲仲
Min Dong Fuzhou 脰骨
Changle 脰骨
Fuqing 脰脖筋, 脰脖株
Yongtai 脰骨
Gutian 脰穩
Fu'an 脰穩
Ningde 脰穩
Shouning 脰領
Zhouning 脰引
Fuding 脰穩
Matsu 脰脖
Min Nan Xiamen 頷頸, 脰項
Quanzhou 頷胿
Zhangzhou 頷頸, 頷仔
Taipei 頷頸仔
Kaohsiung 頷頸
Tainan 頷胿, 頷頸仔, 頷仔頸
Taichung 頷仔頸
Wuqi 頷頸
Hsinchu 頷頸
Taitung 頷頸仔
Lukang 頷頸
Sanxia 頷頸
Yilan 頷頸, 頷頸仔
Kinmen 頷頸
Magong 頷頸
Penang 頷仔頸, 頷頸
Philippines (Manila) 頷胿
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Wenchang , 脰蒂根
Haikou 脰蒂,
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian 脰顱
Xianyou 脰顱
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai 頭頸, 頭頸骨
Suzhou 頭頸
Hangzhou 脰頸, 脖子
Wenzhou 頭頸
Chongming 頸骨
Danyang 頸梗
Jinhua 項頸
Tangxi 頭頸
Ningbo 頭頸骨, 頭頸
Xiang Changsha 頸根, 頸箍
Shuangfeng 頸殼
Xiangtan 頸筋
Loudi 頸殼, 頸筋

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Benedict (1979) relates this word to Tibetan དབུས (dbus, middle; centre). Alternatively, Schuessler (2007) relates this word to Proto-Monic *p[r/m]nus (navel).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/buot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/buət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwət̚/
Li
Rong
/buət̚/
Wang
Li
/buət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 984
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːd/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in words meaning “navel”.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): ほつ (hotsu), ぼち (bochi), ぼつ (botsu)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bal) (hangeul , revised bal, McCune–Reischauer pal, Yale pal)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bột)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.