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U+9838, 頸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9838

[U+9837]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9839]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +7, 16 strokes, cangjie input 一一一月金 (MMMBC), four-corner 11186, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1405, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43515
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1922, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4373, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9838

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡeŋ, *ɡeŋ
*keŋʔ, *ɡeŋ
*kɯns, *keŋs
*kʰeŋ, *kʰeːŋs
*kʰeŋ, *kʰeŋs
*ɡeŋʔ, *keːŋ
*keːŋ, *keːŋs
*keːŋ
*keːŋ
*keːŋʔ
*keːŋʔ
*keːŋs
*keːŋs
*keːŋs
*qʰeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ, *ɡeːŋʔ
*ɡeːŋʔ, *ɡeːŋs
*ɡeːŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *keŋʔ, *ɡeŋ): phonetic  (OC *keːŋ) + semantic  (body part).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: gěng - only used in some colloquial words (脖頸兒).
Note: kún/kńg - 管 is used in the Mainland.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (30) (28) (28)
Final () (121) (125) (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡiᴇŋ/ /keŋ/ /kiᴇŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɛŋ/ /keŋ/ /kiɛŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiæŋ/ /kɛŋ/ /kiæŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/giajŋ/ /kɛjŋ/ /kiajŋX/
Li
Rong
/ɡiɛŋ/ /keŋ/ /kiɛŋX/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭɛŋ/ /kieŋ/ /kĭɛŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ɛŋ/ /kieŋ/ /ki̯ɛŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qíng jīng jǐng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jǐng jǐng
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjieng › ‹ kjiengX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-[k]eŋ/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?) /*[k]eŋʔ/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)
English neck neck

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6789 6795
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*keŋʔ/ /*ɡeŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. neck (Classifier: c)
    / [Cantonese]  ―  Ngo5 tiu4 geng2 hou2 han4. [Jyutping]  ―  My neck is itchy.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 脖子 (“neck”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 頸項
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 頸部
Mandarin Beijing 脖子
Taiwan 脖子
Harbin 脖子
Jinan 脖子
Muping 脖子
Luoyang 脖子
Jiedian 脖項脖子
Xi'an 脖項脖子
Xining 脖板脖脖
Xuzhou 脖頸子脖了頸子
Yinchuan 脖子
Ürümqi 脖子
Wuhan 頸子頸框
Chengdu 頸項脖子頸子
Guiyang 脖頸
Liuzhou 頸脖
Yangzhou 頸項頸亢
Nanjing 頸子脖子
Hefei 腦頸把子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Dongguan
Taishan
Yangjiang 頸柄
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang 頸牯
Hakka Meixian 頸根
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu 頸根
Wuping 頸根
Liancheng 頸骨
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou 頸根
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 頸根
Liudui (S. Sixian) 頸根
Hsinchu (Hailu) 頸根
Dongshi (Dabu) 頸根
Zhuolan (Raoping) 頸根
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Huizhou Jixi 扣頸脰頸
Jin Taiyuan 脖子
Xinzhou 脖子
Min Bei Jian'ou 仲仲
Min Dong Fuzhou 脰骨
Min Nan Xiamen 頷頸脰項
Quanzhou 頷胿
Zhangzhou 頷頸頷仔
Taipei 頷頸仔
Kaohsiung 頷頸
Tainan 頷胿頷頸仔
Taichung 頷仔頸
Hsinchu 頷頸
Lukang 頷頸
Sanxia 頷頸
Yilan 頷頸
Kinmen 頷頸
Magong 頷頸
Penang 頷仔頸
Chaozhou
Haikou 脰蒂
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai 頭頸頭頸骨
Suzhou 頭頸
Hangzhou 脰頸脖子
Wenzhou 頭頸
Chongming 頸骨
Danyang 頸梗
Ningbo 頭頸骨頭頸
Xiang Changsha 頸根頸箍
Shuangfeng 頸殼
Loudi 頸頜頸筋

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くび, rōmaji kubi)

  1. Alternative form of

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nghỉnh, cảnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.