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See also:
U+9838, 頸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9838

[U+9837]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9839]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 181, +7, 16 strokes, cangjie input 一一一月金 (MMMBC), four-corner 11186, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1405, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43515
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1922, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4373, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9838

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *keŋʔ, *ɡeŋ): phonetic (OC *keːŋ) + semantic (body part).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • geng2 - vernacular (can also be used in literary contexts);
  • ging2 - literary (rare).
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (30) (28)
    Final () (121) (121)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡiᴇŋ/ /kiᴇŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiɛŋ/ /kiɛŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiæŋ/ /kiæŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /giajŋ/ /kiajŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiɛŋ/ /kiɛŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭɛŋ/ /kĭɛŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯ɛŋ/ /ki̯ɛŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qíng jǐng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    king4 ging2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jǐng jǐng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ gjieng › ‹ kjiengX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-[k]eŋ/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?) /*[k]eŋʔ/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)
    English neck neck

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 6789 6795
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*keŋʔ/ /*ɡeŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. neck (Classifier: c)
      / [Cantonese]  ―  ngo5 tiu4 geng2 hou2 han4. [Jyutping]  ―  My neck is itchy.
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.

    Usually considered to be the colloquial reading of etymology 1. Wang (2016) considers the semantic narrowing from “neck” to “nape” in the limited context of _ to be implausible.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Used in colloquial words for the nape.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    trad.
    simp.
    alternative forms 𫖱

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 頷頸颔颈 and its variants.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (くび) (kubi

    1. Alternative form of

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC kiᴇŋX).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 겨ᇰ〯 (Yale: kyěng)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] (Yale: mwòk) 겨ᇰ〯 (Yale: kyěng)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (mok gyeong))

    1. Hanja form? of (neck). [affix]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: nghỉnh, cảnh

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.