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U+8F15, 輕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8F15

[U+8F14]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8F16]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 159 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 十十一女一 (JJMVM), four-corner 51011, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1244, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38346
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1720, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3534, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8F15

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
輕-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡeŋ, *ɡeŋ
*keŋʔ, *ɡeŋ
*kɯns, *keŋs
*kʰeŋ, *kʰeːŋs
*kʰeŋ, *kʰeŋs
*ɡeŋʔ, *keːŋ
*keːŋ, *keːŋs
*keːŋ
*keːŋ
*keːŋʔ
*keːŋʔ
*keːŋs
*keːŋs
*keːŋs
*qʰeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ, *ɡeːŋʔ
*ɡeːŋʔ, *ɡeːŋs
*ɡeːŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰeŋ, *kʰeŋs): semantic (carriage) + phonetic (OC *keːŋ) – light carriage.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • heng1 - vernacular;
  • hing1 - literary.
Note:
  • khiâng - vernacular;
  • khîn - literary.
Note:
  • khin - vernacular;
  • kheng - literary;
  • khiaⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 輕薄轻薄 (“physically weak”)).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰiŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɑŋ⁴²/
/t͡ɕʰin⁴²/ ~鬆
Hakka Meixian /kʰin⁴⁴/ ~視
/kʰiaŋ⁴⁴/ 重~
Taoyuan /kʰin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /heŋ⁵³/
/hɛŋ⁵³/
Nanning /hɛŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/kʰin⁵⁵/
/kʰiã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰiaŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xin²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (121) (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰiᴇŋ/ /kʰiᴇŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰiɛŋ/ /kʰiɛŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiæŋ/ /kʰiæŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰiajŋ/ /kʰiajŋH/
Li
Rong
/kʰiɛŋ/ /kʰiɛŋH/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭɛŋ/ /kʰĭɛŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ɛŋ/ /kʰi̯ɛŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qīng qìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjieng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]eŋ/ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)
English light (≠ heavy)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6792 6793
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰeŋ/ /*kʰeŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. light (of low weight)
  2. small; little; slight; minor; insignificant
  3. lightweight; portable; convenient to carry or manoeuvre
  4. rash; rattlebrained
  5. frivolous; skittish; giddy
  6. easy; simple; relaxed
  7. humble; meagre; inexpensive
  8. gentle; light; soft
  9. to belittle; to make light of
  10. to lighten; to reduce
  11. to forgive; to pardon
  12. (historical) light carriage
  13. Short for 輕工業轻工业 (qīnggōngyè, “light industry”).
  14. (chemistry) Alternative term for (qīng, “hydrogen”).

Antonyms[edit]

  • (light): (zhòng)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeong) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khinh, khỉnh)

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