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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

the meaning of includes "straight", + 巠 is a chariot which it runs straightly smoothly. The changed, it is "agile", "light".

Han character[edit]

(radical 159 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 十十一女一 (JJMVM), four-corner 51011, composition)

  1. of low weight; not heavy; light
  2. easy, simple
  3. gentle

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1244, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38346
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1720, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3534, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8F15

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰiŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɑŋ⁴²/
/t͡ɕʰin⁴²/ ~松
Hakka Meixian /kʰin⁴⁴/ ~视
/kʰiaŋ⁴⁴/ 重~
Taoyuan /kʰin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /heŋ⁵³/
/hɛŋ⁵³/
Nanning /hɛŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ⁵⁵/
/kʰin⁵⁵/
/kʰiã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰiaŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰiŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xin²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiᴇŋ/ /kʰi̯ɛŋ/ /kʰiɛŋ/ /kʰiɛŋ/ /kʰiajŋ/ /kʰĭɛŋ/ /kʰiæŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiᴇŋH/ /kʰi̯ɛŋH/ /kʰiɛŋH/ /kʰiɛŋH/ /kʰiajŋH/ /kʰĭɛŋH/ /kʰiæŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qīng ‹ khjieng › /*[kʰ]eŋ (no palatalization before *-eŋ?)/ light (≠ heavy)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6792 0 /*kʰeŋ/
6793 0 /*kʰeŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. light; lightweight

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khinh, khỉnh)

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