Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+7565, 略
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7565

[U+7564]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7566]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田竹水口 (WHER), four-corner 67064, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 762, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21839
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1172, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2541, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7565

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
略-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰraːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
klaːɡ
kʰlaːɡ
kʰaːɡ
ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
ɡlaːɡ
ɡlaːɡ
ɡ·raɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ɡraːɡ
ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raɡ): semantic  (field) + phonetic  (OC *klaːɡ) – to walk around a field (to outline it).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lio̍k/lia̍k - literary;
  • lio̍h - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lyɛ⁵¹/
Harbin /liau⁵³/
/lyɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /lye⁵³/
Jinan /luə²¹/
Qingdao /lyə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /lyo²⁴/
Xi'an /luo⁵³/
Xining /lyu⁵³/
Yinchuan /lye¹³/
Lanzhou /lyə¹³/
Ürümqi /lyɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /nio²¹³/
Chengdu /nyo³¹/
Guiyang /nio²¹/
Kunming /lio³¹/
Nanjing /loʔ⁵/
Hefei /lyɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /lyəʔ²/
Pingyao /liʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /liaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /liaʔ¹/
Suzhou /liɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /liɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /liɛ²¹³/
Hui Shexian /liɔ²²/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /lio²⁴/
Xiangtan /nio²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /liok̚⁵/
Taoyuan /liok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lœk̚²/
Nanning /lœk̚²²/
Hong Kong /lœk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /liɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /liak̚⁵/
/lioʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /liɔk̚³/
/lio³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/liak̚/
Wang
Li
/lĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lüè
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lüè
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ak/
English draw a boundary; outline

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3892
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·raɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. plan; strategy; summary; outline
  2. brief; abbreviated
  3. to omit; to leave out
  4. slightly; marginally
  5. approximately; roughly
  6. to plunder; to pillage

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana りゃく, rōmaji ryaku)

  1. abbreviation
     () () (りゃく)
    ikaryaku
    (please add an English translation of this example)

Alternative forms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryak>yak) (hangeul >, revised ryak>yak, McCune-Reischauer ryak>yak, Yale lyak>yak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lược, trước)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.