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See also:
U+7565, 略
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7565

[U+7564]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7566]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 102, +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田竹水口 (WHER), four-corner 67064, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 762, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21839
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1172, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2541, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7565

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
略-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰraːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 *ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
*klaːɡ
*kʰlaːɡ
*kʰaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡ·raɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raɡ): semantic  (field) + phonetic  (OC *klaːɡ) – to walk around a field (to outline it).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lio̍k/lia̍k - literary;
  • lio̍h - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /lyɛ⁵¹/
    Harbin /liau⁵³/
    /lyɛ⁵³/
    Tianjin /lye⁵³/
    Jinan /luə²¹/
    Qingdao /lyə⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /lyo²⁴/
    Xi'an /luo⁵³/
    Xining /lyu⁵³/
    Yinchuan /lye¹³/
    Lanzhou /lyə¹³/
    Ürümqi /lyɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /nio²¹³/
    Chengdu /nyo³¹/
    Guiyang /nio²¹/
    Kunming /lio³¹/
    Nanjing /loʔ⁵/
    Hefei /lyɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /lyəʔ²/
    Pingyao /liʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /liaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /liaʔ¹/
    Suzhou /liɑʔ³/
    Hangzhou /liɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /liɛ²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /liɔ²²/
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha /lio²⁴/
    Xiangtan /nio²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /liɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /liok̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /liok̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lœk̚²/
    Nanning /lœk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /lœk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luoʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /liɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /liak̚⁵/
    /lioʔ⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /liɔk̚³/
    /lio³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (107)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨɐk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liɐk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɨak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /liak̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭak̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯ak̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    lüè
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    lüè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ak/
    English draw a boundary; outline

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3892
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·raɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. plan; strategy; summary; outline
    2. brief; abbreviated
    3. to omit; to leave out
    4. slightly; marginally
    5. approximately; roughly
    6. to plunder; to pillage

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. plan, strategy
    2. to omit
    3. to abbreviate
    4. to invade

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana りゃく, rōmaji ryaku)

    1. omission
       () () (りゃく)
      ikaryaku
      Same as above.
    2. abbreviation; short for
       (とっ) (きゅう)特別急行 (とくべつきゅうこう) (りゃく)
      Tokkyū wa tokubetsukyūkō no ryaku.
      Tokkyū is the abbreviation of tokubetsukyūkō.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ryak>yak) (hangeul >, revised ryak>yak, McCune–Reischauer ryak>yak, Yale lyak>yak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lược, trước)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.