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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(field) +  – to walk around a field (to outline it).

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田竹水口 (WHER), four-corner 67064, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 762, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21839
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1172, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2541, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7565

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (略), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 藥
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 離灼切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨɐk̚/ /li̯ak̚/ /liak̚/ /liɐk̚/ /lɨak̚/ /lĭak̚/ /liɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lüè ‹ ljak › /*[r]ak/ draw a boundary; outline

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3892 0 /*ɡ·raɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. approximately, roughly
  2. plan, strategy, summary, outline

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana りゃく, romaji ryaku)

  1. abbreviation

Alternative forms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryak, yak) (hangeul , , revised ryak, yak, McCune-Reischauer ryak, yak, Yale lyak, yak)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lược, trước)

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