- 1 English
- 2 Interlingua
- 3 Italian
- 4 Latin
- Either from Middle English abbreviaten, from Latin abbreviātus, perfect passive participle of abbreviō (“to shorten”), formed from ad + breviō (“shorten”), from brevis (“short”) or back-formation from abbreviation..
- See abridge.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ə.ˈbɹiː.vi.eɪt/
- (General American) IPA(key): /əˈbɹi.vi.eɪt/
Audio (US) (file)
- (obsolete, transitive) To shorten by omitting parts or details. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 17th century.]
1597, Francis Bacon, Essays:
- It is one thing to abbreviate by contracting, another by cutting off.
- (obsolete, intransitive) To speak or write in a brief manner. [Attested from the late 16th century until the early 17th century.]
- (transitive) To make shorter; to shorten; to abridge; to shorten by ending sooner than planned. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
- (transitive) To reduce a word or phrase by means of contraction or omission to a shorter recognizable form. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
- (transitive, mathematics) To reduce to lower terms, as a fraction.
to make shorter
to reduce to lower terms
- (obsolete) Abbreviated; abridged; shortened. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 17th century]
1892, J. J. Earle, The philology of the English tongue:
- The abbreviate form has never been able to recover that shock.
- (biology) Having one part relatively shorter than another or than the ordinary type. [First attested in the mid 19th century.]
abbreviate (plural abbreviates)
abridgment — see abridgment
- ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 , ISBN 0550142304), page 2
- “abbreviate” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-19-860457-0, page 3.
- Being abbreviated.