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- (transitive) To make long or longer by pulling and stretching; to make elongated.
- (intransitive) To become long or longer by being pulled or stretched; to become elongated.
- 1798, Thomas Malthus, chapter 1, in An Essay on the Principle of Population, London: J. Johnson, page 10:
- A writer may tell me that he thinks man will ultimately become an ostrich. I cannot properly contradict him. But before he can expect to bring any reasonable person over to his opinion, he ought to shew, that the necks of mankind have been gradually elongating […]
- (transitive, obsolete) To move to or place at a distance (from something).
- 1667, George Sikes, chapter 15, in The Book of Nature Translated and Epitomiz’d, London, 2, page 77:
- The principal force and property of hatred then, is to divide, separate, alienate, and elongate a man from what he hates.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To depart to, or be at, a distance (from something); especially, to recede apparently from the sun, as a planet in its orbit.
- 1646, Thomas Browne, chapter 2, in Pseudodoxia Epidemica, volume book 2, London: E. Dod, page 63:
- […] about Capo Frio in Brasilia, the south point varieth twelve degrees unto the West, and about the mouth of the Straites of Magellan five or six; but elongating from the coast of Brasilia toward the shore of Africa it varyeth Eastward,
to make long
- Lengthened, extended, elongated; relatively long and slender.
- Painted turtles lay oval, elongate eggs.
- 2006, E. O. Wilson, chapter 6, in The Creation: An Appeal to Save Life on Earth, volume Part 1, New York: Norton, page 59:
- The teeth [of Thaumatomyrmex ants] are sometimes so elongate that when the mandibles are closed, the largest pair curve all around the opposite side of the head and stick out behind its posterior rim.
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