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Borrowed from New Latin longus (long), clipping of musculus longus (long muscle).



longus (plural longi)

  1. (anatomy) A long muscle in the body.
    Hyponyms: longus capitis, longus colli

Related terms[edit]






From Proto-Italic *dlongos, from Proto-Indo-European *dlongʰos. Cognate with Proto-Germanic *langaz.



longus (feminine longa, neuter longum, comparative longior, superlative longissimus, adverb longē or longiter); first/second-declension adjective

  1. (literally):
    1. far, long; extended, prolonged (of space, in general)
    2. (in particular) remote, distant, far off
      Synonym: longinquus
    3. great, vast, spacious
    4. tall (of people)
      Synonym: altus
      • c. 84 BCE – 54 BCE, Catullus, Carmina 86.1–2:
        Quīntia fōrmōsa est multīs, mihi candida, longa, / rēcta est.
        Quintia is beautiful for many, for me she is fair-skinned, tall, upright.
  2. (transferred sense)
    1. long, of long duration or continuance; tedious, laborious (of time)
      • c. 4 BCE – 65 CE, Seneca the Younger, De brevitate vitae 13:
        Persequi singulos longum est quorum aut latrunculi aut pila aut excoquendi in sole corporis cura consumpsere uitam.
        It would be tedious to mention all the different men who have spent the whole of their life over chess or ball or the practice of baking their bodies in the sun.
      • c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 6.8:
        Longum esse perterritis Romanis Germanorum auxilium exspectare.
        They said it would be tedious to wait for the assistance of the Germans while the Romans were terrified.
    2. (of speech or writing) long-winded, lengthy
      Longum iter per praecepta, breve per exempla.(Education is) a long road by lessons, a short one by examples.
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First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative longus longa longum longī longae longa
Genitive longī longae longī longōrum longārum longōrum
Dative longō longō longīs
Accusative longum longam longum longōs longās longa
Ablative longō longā longō longīs
Vocative longe longa longum longī longae longa


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • longus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • longus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • longus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • longus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to accomplish a long journey: longam viam conficere
    • (ambiguous) this word ends in a long syllable: haec vox longa syllaba terminatur, in longam syllabam cadit, exit
    • not to be prolix: ne longus, multus sim
    • (ambiguous) at a great distance: longo spatio, intervallo interiecto
    • (ambiguous) to finish a very long journey: longum itineris spatium emetiri
    • (ambiguous) after a fairly long interval: satis longo intervallo
    • (ambiguous) this word ends in a long syllable: haec vox longa syllaba terminatur, in longam syllabam cadit, exit
    • (ambiguous) to begin with a long syllable: oriri a longa (De Or. 1. 55. 236)
    • (ambiguous) a man-of-war: navis longa
    • (ambiguous) not to be prolix: ne longum sit
  • longus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • longus”, in William Smith, editor (1848), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • longus”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly