musculus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From mūs (mouse) +‎ -culus (diminutive suffix), or literally “little mouse”. The “muscle” sense is a semantic loan from Ancient Greek μῦς (mûs, mouse; muscle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mūsculus m (genitive mūsculī); second declension

  1. small mouse
  2. (anatomy) muscle
  3. saltwater mussel
  4. (military) mantelet, shielding

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative mūsculus mūsculī
genitive mūsculī mūsculōrum
dative mūsculō mūsculīs
accusative mūsculum mūsculōs
ablative mūsculō mūsculīs
vocative mūscule mūsculī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • musculus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • musculus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “musculus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • musculus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • musculus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • musculus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin