musculus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from Latin mūsculus (a little mouse; a muscle), diminutive of mūs (a mouse).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

musculus (plural musculi)

  1. (anatomy) A muscle. (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From mūs (a mouse) +‎ -culus (diminutive suffix), literally little mouse. The muscle sense is a semantic loan from Ancient Greek μῦς (mûs, mouse; muscle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mūsculus m (genitive mūsculī); second declension

  1. (literally) Diminutive of mūs: a small mouse
  2. (transferred sense)
    1. a companion of the whale
    2. a saltwater mussel
    3. (anatomy) a muscle
    4. (military) a shed, mantelet, shielding
    5. A kind of small sailing vessel.
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Inflection[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mūsculus mūsculī
Genitive mūsculī mūsculōrum
Dative mūsculō mūsculīs
Accusative mūsculum mūsculōs
Ablative mūsculō mūsculīs
Vocative mūscule mūsculī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • musculus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • musculus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • musculus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • musculus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • musculus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • musculus”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin