musculus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From mūs (mouse) +‎ -culus (diminutive suffix), or literally “little mouse”. The “muscle” sense is a semantic loan from Ancient Greek μῦς (mûs, mouse; muscle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mūsculus m (genitive mūsculī); second declension

  1. small mouse
  2. muscle
  3. saltwater mussel
  4. (military) mantelet, shielding

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mūsculus mūsculī
Genitive mūsculī mūsculōrum
Dative mūsculō mūsculīs
Accusative mūsculum mūsculōs
Ablative mūsculō mūsculīs
Vocative mūscule mūsculī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: muskul, mushk
  • Aromanian: mushclju
  • Asturian: muslu
  • Catalan: muscle
  • Catalan: múscul
  • Friulian: muscul
  • Galician: músculo
  • German: Muskel

References[edit]