Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dlongʰos

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Adjective[edit]

*dlongʰos

  1. long

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *dlongʰos *dlongʰeh₂
genitive *dlongʰosyo *dlongʰeh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *dlongʰos *dlongʰoh₁ *dlongʰoes
vocative *dlongʰe *dlongʰoh₁ *dlongʰoes
accusative *dlongʰom *dlongʰoh₁ *dlongʰoms
genitive *dlongʰosyo *? *dlongʰooHom
ablative *dlongʰead *? *dlongʰomos
dative *dlongʰoey *? *dlongʰomos
locative *dlongʰey, *dlongʰoy *? *dlongʰoysu
instrumental *dlongʰoh₁ *? *dlongʰōys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *dlongʰeh₂ *dlongʰeh₂h₁(e) *dlongʰeh₂es
vocative *dlongʰeh₂ *dlongʰeh₂h₁(e) *dlongʰeh₂es
accusative *dlongʰām *dlongʰeh₂h₁(e) *dlongʰeh₂m̥s
genitive *dlongʰeh₂s *? *dlongʰeh₂oHom
ablative *dlongʰeh₂s *? *dlongʰeh₂mos
dative *dlongʰeh₂ey *? *dlongʰeh₂mos
locative *dlongʰeh₂, *dlongʰeh₂i *? *dlongʰeh₂su
instrumental *dlongʰeh₂h₁ *? *dlongʰeh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *dlongʰom *dlongʰoy(h₁) *dlongʰeh₂
vocative *dlongʰom *dlongʰoy(h₁) *dlongʰeh₂
accusative *dlongʰom *dlongʰoy(h₁) *dlongʰeh₂
genitive *dlongʰosyo *? *dlongʰooHom
ablative *dlongʰead *? *dlongʰomos
dative *dlongʰoey *? *dlongʰomos
locative *dlongʰey, *dlongʰoy *? *dlongʰoysu
instrumental *dlongʰoh₁ *? *dlongʰōys

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Germanic: *langaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *drangʰas
    • Iranian: *drangah
      • Middle Persian: [script needed] (drang, to delay)
  • Italic: *dlongos
    • Latin: longus (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 299