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See also: 𐌎, , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
田-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
田-jorder.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
田-oracle.svg 田-bronze.svg 田-silk.svg 田-bigseal.svg 田-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - pictographic representation of a field.

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田 (W), four-corner 60400)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 756, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21723
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1167, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2524, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7530

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (field): (Min Nan) (chhân), (chhân)

Pronunciation[edit]

Note: This character is used as a substitute for Min Nan chhân, which may be etymologically unrelated.


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (7)
Final: (85)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: tián
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/den/ /den/ /dɛn/ /dɛn/ /den/ /dien/ /dʱien/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tián ‹ den › /*lˤiŋ/ field; to hunt

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12392 2 /*l'iːŋ/

Noun[edit]

  1. field, farmland
    玉米 / 玉米  ―  yī kuài yùmǐ tián  ―  a corn field
  2. Kangxi radical 102 "field"
Compounds[edit]
  • 田地 (tiándì, “farmland”)
  • 田野 (tiányě, “field”)
  • 丹田 (dāntián, “dantian”)
  • 田園田园 (tiányuán, “arable land”)
  • 田螺 (tiánluó, “paddy snail”)
  • (Min Nan) 湳田 (“muddy field”)

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. paddy, field

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Note that the rice paddy meaning is specific to Japanese. The Chinese word for rice paddy is 水田.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Kojiki written in roughly 711-712.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ta)

  1. rice paddy
  2. cultivated field

Usage notes[edit]

The term ta can refer to either a wet field as for rice agriculture, or a dry field as for other crops. This term does not refer to a wild field or meadow.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jeon, McCune-Reischauer: chŏn, Yale: cen)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(điền, ruộng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.