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See also: 𐌎, , , , and
U+7530, 田
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7530

[U+752F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7531]
U+2F65, ⽥
KANGXI RADICAL FIELD

[U+2F64]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F66]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
田-order.gif
Stroke order
(Japan)
田-jorder.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 102, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田 (W), four-corner 60400, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #102, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 756, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21723
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1167, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2524, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7530

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
田-bronze-shang.svg 田-oracle.svg 田-bronze.svg 田-silk.svg 田-seal.svg 田-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – pictographic representation of a field.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-liŋ (field). Cognate with Tibetan ཞིང (zhing, field; realm), Jingpho maling (mă³¹ liŋ³³, forest).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: tiêng5 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/den/
Pan
Wuyun
/den/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɛn/
Li
Rong
/den/
Wang
Li
/dien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tián
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
tin4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tián
Middle
Chinese
‹ den ›
Old
Chinese
/*lˁiŋ/
English field; to hunt

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12392
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'iːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. farmland
    玉米 / 玉米  ―  yī kuài yùmǐ tián  ―  a corn field
  2. field (area rich in mineral reserves)
  3. (alt. form , , ) to till land; to cultivate
  4. (alt. form , ) to hunt
  5. A surname​.
    /   ―  Tián Hàn  ―  Tian Han
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (でん) (den)
  • Korean: (, jeon)
  • Vietnamese: điền ()

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

The Min native word for “paddy field; field”.

Etymology unknown. Chinese scholars identify (OC *ɦljɯŋ, “raised path between fields”) as the etymological character (本字), although Norman proposes that this is related to (OC *zɯːŋ, “layer”), reflecting the terraced fields commonly found in Fujian (Schuessler, 2007). Compare also (“wet field”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Min)

  1. paddy field; wet field
  2. farmland in general; field

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. paddy, field

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Note that the rice paddy meaning is specific to Japanese. The Chinese word for rice paddy is 水田.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Kojiki written in roughly 711-712.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (ta

  1. rice paddy
    ()(たがや)
    ta o tagayasu
    to plow a rice field
  2. cultivated field
Usage notes[edit]

The term ta can refer to either a wet field as for rice agriculture, or a dry field as for other crops. This term does not refer to a wild field or meadow (see 野原(のはら) (nohara), (はら)っぱ (harappa), 草原(そうげん) (sōgen)).

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

() (Ta

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
でん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Proper noun[edit]

(でん) (Den

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC den).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 (Yale: ttyèn)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] (Yale: pàt) (Yale: tyèn)

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (bat jeon))

  1. Hanja form? of (cultivated patch of land). [noun]
  2. Hanja form? of (A surname​.).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: điền, ruộng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.