田舎

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: 田舍

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いなか
Grade: 1 Grade: 5
jukujikun

/winaka//inaka/

Possibly a compound of (i, the 未然形 (mizenkei, incomplete form) and 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem form) of verb 居る (iru), “to be, exist (of animate objects)”) +‎ (naka, inside, middle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

田舎(いなか) (inaka (kyūjitai 田舍, historical kana ゐなか)

  1. (sensitive) the country (rural area), countryside
    生活(せいかつ)都市(とし)より田舎(いなか)ほう安泰(あんたい)だ。
    Seikatsu wa toshi yori inaka no hō ga antai da.
    Life is more secure in the country than in the city.
  2. a remote area with a small population
  3. a hometown
  4. something crude or unrefined
  5. (archaic women's speech, colloquial) Short for 田舎御樽 (inaka otaru): unrefined sake
  6. (colloquial) Short for 田舎酒 (inakazake): sake made in the countryside; local sake
  7. (colloquial) Short for 田舎汁粉 (inaka-jiruko): a red bean soup made with slightly crushed red bean paste

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
でん
Grade: 1
しゃ
Grade: 5
goon

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Also read with rendaku (連濁), as denja.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

田舎(でんしゃ) or 田舎(でんじゃ) (densha or denja (kyūjitai 田舍)

  1. (archaic) the country (rural area), countryside; a house in the countryside

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  3. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN