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U+7533, 申
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7533

[U+7532]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7534]
See also: , , , and 𢑚

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
申-oracle.svg 申-bronze.svg 申-bigseal.svg 申-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'iːns
*l̥ʰin, *hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin, *hlins
*hlin
*hlin
*hlins
*hlin
*lins

Originally a bolt of lightning, which devolved into its current form.

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 中田中 (LWL), four-corner 50006, composition)

  1. to state to a superior, report
  2. to extend
  3. ninth of twelve earthly branches (十二支): monkey () of Chinese zodiac

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 758, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21726
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1168, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2526, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7533

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𢑚

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sin - literary;
  • chhun - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕin/
Li
Rong
/ɕiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ syin ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥i[n]/
English 9th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11235
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hlin/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (humble) to speak
  2. the monkey, one of the twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
さる
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

The meaning and spelling are a borrowing from Middle Chinese (monkey, specific to the Chinese zodiac).

The sense of monkey as the animal is spelled instead.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さる, romaji saru)

  1. (astrology, astrology) the monkey, one of the twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sin) (hangeul , revised shin, McCune-Reischauer shin, Yale shin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.