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See also: , , , and 𢑚
U+7533, 申
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7533

[U+7532]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7534]
Emoji u1f238.svg
🈸 U+1F238, 🈸
SQUARED CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7533
🈷
[U+1F237]
Enclosed Ideographic Supplement 🈹
[U+1F239]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 102, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 中田中 (LWL), four-corner 50006, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 758, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21726
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1168, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2526, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7533

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𢑚
𦥔
“to extend; to stretch; to state; to explain”

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
申-oracle.svg 申-bronze.svg 申-seal.svg 申-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'iːns
*l̥ʰin, *hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin, *hlins
*hlin
*hlin
*hlins
*hlin
*lins

Pictogram (象形) — a bolt of lightning. Original character of (OC *l'iːns, “lightning”) and (OC *hlin, “god; deity; spirit”).

Etymology[edit]

“to extend; to state; to request; to announce; again”
From (OC *linʔ, *lins, “to pull; to draw”) + devoicing causative or iterative (Schuessler, 2007).
“Shanghai”
From 春申江, an alternative name of 黃浦江黄浦江 (Huángpǔjiāng), the largest river in Shanghai.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sin - literary;
  • chhun - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (43)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjen/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕin/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shēn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shēn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥i[n]/
    English 9th earthly branch

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11235
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hlin/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Original form of (diàn, “lightning”).
    2. Original form of (shén, “lightning”).
    3. to extend; to stretch
    4. to state; to explain
    5. to request; to report
    6. to announce; to express
    7. again; repeatedly
    8. ninth of twelve earthly branches (十二支)
      1. monkey of the Chinese zodiac
      2. 3 to 5 p.m.
      3. seventh month of the Chinese calendar
    9. () Shen (vassal state during the Zhou dynasty)
    10. Alternative name for 上海 (Shànghǎi, “Shanghai”).
    11. A surname​.

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. (humble) to speak
    2. the monkey, one of the twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    さる
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    From (saru, monkey)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana さる, rōmaji Saru)

    1. the Monkey, the ninth of the twelve Earthly Branches

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しん
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (syin)

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana しん, rōmaji Shin)

    1. the Monkey, the ninth of the twelve Earthly Branches

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (sin) (hangeul , revised shin, McCune–Reischauer shin, Yale shin)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thân)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.