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See also:
U+96FB, 電
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96FB

[U+96FA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96FC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
13 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 173, +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一月田山 (MBWU), four-corner 10716, composition (GHTJK) or ⿱ (V))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1373, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1882, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4060, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96FB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
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Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'iːns
*l̥ʰin, *hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin, *hlins
*hlin
*hlin
*hlins
*hlin
*lins

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'iːns): semantic  (rain) + phonetic  (OC *hlin).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • diang7 - Shantou;
  • diêng7 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /denH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /denH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /denH/
    Wang
    Li
    /dienH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱienH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    diàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    diàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ denH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lˁi[n]-s/
    English lightning

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11233
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'iːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. lightning
    2. electricity
      屋企而家 [Cantonese, trad.]
      屋企而家 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Ngo5 uk1 kei5 ji4 gaa1 mou5 din6. [Jyutping]
      The power at my place is currently out.
    3. electric; electrical
    4. electric power or energy; electricity
      手機 / 手机  ―  Wǒ shǒujī méi diàn le.  ―  My phone is dead.
      [Cantonese, trad.]
      [Cantonese, simp.]
      Ngo5 bou6 nou5 mou5 din6 laa3. [Jyutping]
      My computer is dead.
    5. (colloquial) romantic attraction; chemistry
    6. Short for 電話电话 (diànhuà, “telephone; phone call”).
    7. Short for 電報电报 (diànbào, “telegram”).
    8. Short for 電臺电台 (diàntái, “broadcasting station; radio station”).
    9. to get an electric shock; to be electrocuted
    10. to make a telephone call
    11. to send a telegram
    12. fast; speedy

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. lightning
    2. electricity

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いなずま
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Compound of いな (ina, rice plant) +‎ つま (tsuma, spouse). From an old folk belief that lightning joined with the rice plant to bring it to seed. The tsuma changes to zuma as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いなずま, rōmaji inazuma, historical hiragana いなづま)

    1. lightning

    Synonyms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeon) (hangeul )

    1. electricity

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (điện)

    1. electricity

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]