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See also:
U+96FB, 電
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96FB

[U+96FA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96FC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
13 strokes
Stroke order
電-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 173, +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一月田山 (MBWU), four-corner 10716, composition (GTJKV) or ⿱⻗⿻日(H))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1373, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1882, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4060, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96FB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script
電-bronze.svg 電-silk.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'iːns): semantic (rain) + phonetic (OC *hlin); also ideogrammic (會意): + (“lightning”).

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Tibetan or area word; compare Proto-Mien *liŋ (lightning), Chepang प्‍लीङ्‌हसा (pliŋh‑, to flash; to shine brightly) (Benedict, 1976; Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • diang6 - Shantou;
  • diêng6 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /denH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /denH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /denH/
    Wang
    Li
    /dienH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱienH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    diàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    din6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    diàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ denH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lˁi[n]-s/
    English lightning

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11233
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'iːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    電/电

    1. lightning
    2. electric power or energy; electricity [from late 19th c.]
      手機 / 手机  ―  Wǒ shǒujī méi diàn le.  ―  My phone is dead.
      屋企而家 [Cantonese, trad.]
      屋企而家 [Cantonese, simp.]
      ngo5 uk1 kei5 ji4 gaa1 mou5 din6. [Jyutping]
      The power at my place is currently out.
      [Cantonese, trad.]
      [Cantonese, simp.]
      ngo5 bou6 nou5 mou5 din6 laa3. [Jyutping]
      My computer is dead.
    3. electric; electrical
    4. (dialectal) battery (Classifier: c; 𫩥 c)
    5. (colloquial) romantic attraction; chemistry
    6. Short for 電話电话 (diànhuà, “telephone; phone call”).
    7. Short for 電報电报 (diànbào, “telegram”).
      /   ―  yàndiàn  ―  telegram of condolence
    8. Short for 電臺电台 (diàntái, “broadcasting station; radio station”).
    9. to get an electric shock; to be electrocuted
    10. to make a telephone call
    11. to send a telegram
    12. fast; speedy

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. lightning
    2. electricity

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いなずま
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Compound of いな (ina, rice plant) +‎ つま (tsuma, spouse). From an old folk belief that lightning joined with the rice plant to bring it to seed. The tsuma changes to zuma as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (いなずま) (inazumaいなづま (inaduma)?

    1. lightning

    Synonyms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC denH).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 뗜〮 (Yale: ttyén)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 번〮게〮 (Yale: pénkéy) 뎐〯 (Yale: tyěn)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕʌ̹(ː)n]
    • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 번개 (beon-gae jeon))

    1. Hanja form? of (electricity; electric). [affix]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: điện

    1. lightning
    2. electricity

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]