電話

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Chinese[edit]

electric; electricity; electrical
 
dialect; language; spoken words; speech; talk; words; conversation; what someone said
trad. (電話)
simp. (电话)

Etymology[edit]

From  ("electricity, electric") +  ("speech"). Wasei kango.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

電話

  1. telephone; phone
    時候電話 [MSC, trad.]
    时候电话 [MSC, simp.]
    Dāng nǐ bù zài de shíhou, diànhuà xiǎng le. [Pinyin]
    The phone rang when you weren't here.
  2. telephone call
    電話 [MSC, trad.]
    电话 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ gěi nǐ dǎ diànhuà. [Pinyin]
    I'll give you a call.
  3. telephone number
    電話多少 [MSC, trad.]
    电话多少 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ de diànhuà shì duōshào? [Pinyin]
    What's your phone number?

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
でん
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From ‎(デン, den, electric) + ‎(ワ, wa, conversation). See also 話す ‎(はなす, hanasu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

電話 ‎(hiragana でんわ, romaji denwa)

  1. a telephone
    電話 (でんわ) ()
    denwa o hiku
    to install a telephone
    電話 (でんわ) ()
    denwa ni deru
    to answer the phone
  2. a telephone call, a phone call, a call
    電話 (でんわ) ()ける
    denwa o kakeru
    to make a call
    電話 (でんわ) ()かって ()
    denwa kakatte kuru
    to receive a call
    電話 (でんわ) ()
    denwa o kiru
    to hang up

Compounds[edit]

Verb[edit]

電話 + する ‎(hiragana でんわする, romaji denwa suru)

  1. to make a phone call, to telephone someone, to call someone

Usage notes[edit]

  • In order to imply whom one is calling as is done in English with the preposition to in make a phone call to or by the objective case as him in the sentence I called him, the Japanese use (ni):
  1.  (わたし) (かれ)電話 (でんわ)するつもりだ。
    Watashi wa kare ni denwa suru tsumori da.
    I'm going to call him.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

電話 ‎(jeonhwa) ‎(hangeul 전화)

  1. Hanja form? of 전화, “telephone”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

電話

  1. Hán tự form of điện thoại, "telephone"