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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
部-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 163 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜口弓中 (YRNL), four-corner 07627, composition)

  1. part, division, section

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1272, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39460
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1771, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3780, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+90E8

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (部), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 裴古切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/buoX/ /bʱuoX/ /boX/ /buoX/ /bɔX/ /buX/ /boX/
Character (部), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 侯
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 蒲口切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bəuX/ /bʱə̯uX/ /buX/ /bəuX/ /bəwX/ /bəuX/ /bəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ buwX › /*[b]ˤ(r)oʔ/ lead (v.), govern

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1050 0 簿 /*boːʔ/
1055 0 /*boːʔ/ 部婁=培塿
9847 0 /*boːʔ/
9862 0 簿 /*boːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. part
  2. department; ministry
    教育  ―  jiàoyù  ―  ministry of education
  3. classifier for works of literature, films, machines (cars, telephones...), etc.
    電影 [MSC, trad.]
    电影 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ xiǎng qù kàn yī diànyǐng. [Pinyin]
    I want to see a movie.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -bu)

  1. copies of a newspaper or magazine

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji bu)

  1. division, divide, a part
  2. section, bureau, department

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -bu)

  1. division, bureau
  2. club
  3. category

Usage notes[edit]

This is a level higher than -課 (-か, -ka, department), since for example 部長 (ぶちょう, buchō, division head) is the boss of a 課長 (かちょう, kachō, department head).


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bu) (hangeul , revised bu, McCune-Reischauer pu, Yale pu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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