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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
部-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 163 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜口弓中 (YRNL), four-corner 07627, composition ⿰咅)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1272, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39460
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1771, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3780, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+90E8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *boːʔ, *boːʔ, *boːʔ, *boːʔ): phonetic  ‎(OC *pʰɯʔ, *pʰl'oːs) + semantic 

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (23) (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buoX/ /bəuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/buoX/ /bəuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/boX/ /bəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bɔX/ /bəwX/
Li
Rong
/boX/ /buX/
Wang
Li
/buX/ /bəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuoX/ /bʱə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ buwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˤ(r)oʔ/
English lead (v.), govern

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 1050 1055 9847 9862
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
簿 簿
Old
Chinese
/*boːʔ/ /*boːʔ/ /*boːʔ/ /*boːʔ/
Notes =

Definitions[edit]

  1. part; division; section
  2. department; ministry
    教育  ―  jiàoyù  ―  ministry of education
  3. Classifier for works of literature, films, machines (cars, telephones...), etc.  all nouns using this classifier
    電影 / 电影  ―  Wǒ xiǎng qù kàn yī diànyǐng.  ―  I want to see a movie.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -bu)

  1. copies of a newspaper or magazine

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji bu)

  1. division, divide, a part
  2. section, bureau, department

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -bu)

  1. division, bureau
  2. school club
    野球 (やきゅう) ()
    yakyūbu
    baseball club
    茶道 (さどう) ()
    sadōbu
    tea ceremony club
  3. category

Usage notes[edit]

This is a level higher than -課 ‎(-か, -ka, department), since for example 部長 ‎(ぶちょう, buchō, division head) is the boss of a 課長 ‎(かちょう, kachō, department head).

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bu) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer pu, Yale pu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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