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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(earth) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 土卜廿口 (GYTR), four-corner 40161, composition)

  1. earth up
  2. add
  3. cultivate, educate
  4. bury in sand or ash

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 231, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5195
  • Dae Jaweon: page 468, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 457, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+57F9

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (培), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 灰
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 薄回切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/buʌi/ /bʱuɑ̆i/ /buᴀi/ /buoi/ /bwəj/ /buɒi/ /buɒi/
Character (培), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 侯
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 蒲口切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bəuX/ /bʱə̯uX/ /buX/ /bəuX/ /bəwX/ /bəuX/ /bəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9848 0 /*boːʔ/
9865 0 /*bɯː/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. cultivate
  2. foster

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bae, bu) (hangeul , , revised bae, bu, McCune-Reischauer pae, pu)

  1. raise
  2. cultivate

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bồi, bổi, bòi, bụi, vùi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.