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U+57F9, 培
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57F9

[U+57F8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+57FA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 土卜廿口 (GYTR), four-corner 40161, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 231, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5195
  • Dae Jaweon: page 468, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 457, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+57F9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
bɯːʔ, *bɯːʔ
bɯːʔ
bɯːʔ, *bɯʔ, *bɯː, *bɯːɡ
bruː, *poːʔ, *bɯ, *bɯ
pʰoːʔ, *pʰoʔ
pʰɯʔ, *bɯʔ, *bɯː
pʰɯs, *bɯːɡ
pʰɯʔ, *pʰl'oːs
boːʔ, *boːʔ, *boːʔ, *boːʔ
boːʔ, *bɯː
boːʔ
boːʔ, *bɯ, *bo
pɯʔ, *pʰoʔ, *qɯːɡ
pʰɯ, *pʰɯː
bɯ, *broːŋʔ, *bɯː
bɯː
bɯː
bɯː
bɯːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *boːʔ, *bɯː): semantic  (earth) + phonetic  (OC *pʰɯʔ, *pʰl'oːs).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • pôe - literary;
  • pê - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (42) (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buʌi/ /bəuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/buoi/ /bəuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/buɒi/ /bəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwəj/ /bəwX/
Li
Rong
/buᴀi/ /buX/
Wang
Li
/buɒi/ /bəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuɑ̆i/ /bʱə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
péi bòu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9848 9865
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*boːʔ/ /*bɯː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. cultivate, educate, foster

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. cultivate
  2. foster

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bae, bu) (hangeul , , revised bae, bu, McCune-Reischauer pae, pu)

  1. raise
  2. cultivate

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bồi, bổi, bòi, bụi, vùi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.