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U+57FA, 基
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57FA

[U+57F9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+57FB]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
基-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿金土 (TCG), four-corner 44104, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 231, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5197
  • Dae Jaweon: page 468, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 449, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+57FA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
基-oracle.svg 基-bronze.svg 基-silk.svg 基-bigseal.svg 基-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯ
*kɯ
*kɯ
*kɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯs
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯs
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ, *ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯ): phonetic (OC *kɯ, *ɡɯ) + semantic (earth) – a foundation of earth.

Etymology[edit]

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

“Gay”: borrowing from English gay into Cantonese, then from Cantonese to Mandarin.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨ/
Li
Rong
/kiə/
Wang
Li
/kĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ki ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)ə/
English base (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9930
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. foot of a wall; foundation
  2. base of any building; foundations; basis
  3. (figuratively) basis; foundation; base
  4. to lay a foundation
  5. cardinal; basic; capital
  6. (chemistry) radical; group
  7. Alternative form of (“whole year, month or day”).
  8. (loanword, neologism, slang) gay; homosexual
      ―  gǎo  ―  to be gay; to engage in homosexual activities
      ―  yǒu  ―  gay buddy

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. base
  2. be based on

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もとい, romaji Motoi)

  1. A male given name
  2. A surname​.

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

‎(hiragana もと, romaji moto)

  1. Alternative form of

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.