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U+57FA, 基
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57FA

[U+57F9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+57FB]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
11 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿金土 (TCG), four-corner 44104, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 231, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5197
  • Dae Jaweon: page 468, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 449, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+57FA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𡉊
𡉝
𡋵

𨄎

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
基-oracle.svg 基-bronze.svg 基-silk.svg 基-seal.svg 基-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯ
*kɯ
*kɯ
*kɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯs
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯs
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ, *ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯ): phonetic  (OC *kɯ, *ɡɯ) + semantic  (earth) – a foundation of earth.

Etymology[edit]

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

“Gay”: borrowed from English gay into Cantonese, then from Cantonese to Mandarin.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨ/
Li
Rong
/kiə/
Wang
Li
/kĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ki ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)ə/
English base (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9930
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. foot of a wall; foundation
  2. base of any building; foundations; basis
  3. (figuratively) basis; foundation; base
  4. to lay a foundation
  5. cardinal; basic; capital
  6. (chemistry) radical; group
  7. Alternative form of (“whole year, month or day”).
  8. (loanword, neologism, slang) gay; homosexual
      ―  gǎo  ―  to be gay; to engage in homosexual activities
      ―  yǒu  ―  gay buddy

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. base
  2. be based on

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana もとい, rōmaji Motoi)

  1. A male given name
  2. A surname​.

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

(hiragana もと, rōmaji moto)

  1. Alternative form of

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.