-ki

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Basque[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ki

  1. fragment, piece
  2. Forms nouns with a given number of components.
    lau (four) + ‎-ki → ‎lauki (square)
  3. meat (as food)
    txerri (pig) + ‎-ki → ‎txerriki (pork)
  4. Forms nouns denoting objects used to perform an action.
    estali (to cover) + ‎-ki → ‎estalki (lid, cap)
  5. produce, yield
    baratze (orchard) + ‎-ki → ‎barazki (vegetable)

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ki

  1. Used to form adverbs from adjectives; -wise, -ly

Estonian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

-ki

  1. Alternative form of -gi

Usage notes[edit]

This form is used after voiceless consonants. After voiced consonants and vowels, the form -gi is used.


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-kik. Cognates include Finnish -kin and Estonian -gi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Clitic[edit]

-ki (plural -kki)

  1. (enclitic) also, too, as well

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 163
  • Vitalij Chernyavskij (2005) Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[1], page 113
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[2], →ISBN, page 18

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

-ki

  1. Rōmaji transcription of

Pipil[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ki

  1. Preterite singular verb suffix
    kisakiski
    pewapejki

Usage notes[edit]

  • The suffix -ki is used with Class I verbs (consonant stem), whereas the truncated suffix -k is used with Class II verbs (vowel-stem):
    panupanuk

See also[edit]

  • -ket (plural suffix)

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ki m

  1. Forms masculine adjectives
    jeden + ‎-ki → ‎jednaki

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ـكی(-ki).

Suffix[edit]

-ki

  1. (with possessive) Used to form an adjectival or nominal meaning "that which belongs to."
    onların (their) + ‎-ki → ‎onlarınki (theirs)
    babamın (my dad's (determinative)) + ‎-ki → ‎babamınki (my dad's (substantive))

Usage notes[edit]

This use of -ki is invariable with respect to vowel and consonant harmony, except after the ü vowel: bugün +‎ -kibugünkü.

References[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-kik. Cognates include Finnish -kin, Estonian Estonian -gi.

Adverb[edit]

-ki

  1. also, too, as well

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “также, тоже”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika