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See also:
U+9583, 閃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9583

[U+9582]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9584]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 169, +2, 10 strokes, cangjie input 日弓人 (ANO), four-corner 77807, composition )

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1330, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41214
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1834, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4282, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+9583

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意): (gate) + (person) — a person running through a gate.

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly iterative devoicing of (OC *lamʔ, “to be flaming up”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (26) (26)
Final () (153) (153)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter syemX syemH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇmX/ /ɕiᴇmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛmX/ /ɕiɛmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjæmX/ /ɕjæmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiamX/ /ɕiamH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɛmX/ /ɕiɛmH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭɛmX/ /ɕĭɛmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ɛmX/ /ɕi̯ɛmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǎn shàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sim2 sim3
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11075 11076
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljamʔ/ /*hljams/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to dodge; to evade
      ―  shǎnshēn  ―  to dodge
      ―  shǎn  ―  to dodge
  2. to twist; to sprain; to pull a muscle
  3. to flash
    司機為什麼車燈 [MSC, trad.]
    司机为什么车灯 [MSC, simp.]
    Nà sījī wèishénme duì wǒ shǎn chēdēng? [Pinyin]
    Why is the driver flashing his lights at me?
  4. lightning; flash
      ―  shǎn  ―  to have lightning
  5. to sparkle; to shine
  6. sparkling; shiny
  7. to rock; to sway
  8. (dialectal) to leave behind
  9. (Cantonese, colloquial) to leave, especially quickly or suddenly
  10. (neologism) affectionate between couples
  11. a surname
Synonyms[edit]
  • (to dodge):
  • (lightning):
  • (to sparkle):
  • (to rock):
  • (to leave):

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Ultimately from Hebrewשם(Šēm).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Shem (Biblical character)
    含語系含语系  ―  Shǎn-Hán yǔxì  ―  Semito-Hamitic language family

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) Alternative form of

References[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. flash
  2. brandish

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
せん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

/ɕʲem//ɕemu//seɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC syemX|syemH).

Proper noun[edit]

(せん) (Sen

  1. a female given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 번쩍일 (beonjjeogil seom))

  1. Hanja form? of (flash).

Compounds[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: thiểm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.