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U+4F38, 伸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F38

[U+4F37]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F39]

Translingual[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'iːns
*l̥ʰin, *hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin, *hlins
*hlin
*hlin
*hlins
*hlin
*lins

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hlin): semantic  (man) + phonetic  (OC *hlin).

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人中田中 (OLWL), four-corner 25206, composition)

  1. to extend, stretch out, open up
  2. trust
  3. a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 97, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 481
  • Dae Jaweon: page 205, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 133, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4F38

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhûn - vernacular;
  • sṳ̂n - literary.
Note:
  • sin - literary;
  • chhun/chhng - vernacular.
Note:
  • cung1 - vernacular;
  • sing1 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕin/
Li
Rong
/ɕiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ syin ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥i[n]/
English stretch, extend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11236
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hlin/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to extend
    /   ―  shēncháng liǎng zhī shǒu  ―  to extend two hands

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. lengthen

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しん, romaji Shin)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana のぶる, romaji Noburu)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer sin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]