電車

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See also: 电车

Chinese[edit]

electric; electricity; electrical
 
vehicle on land; car; machine
vehicle on land; car; machine; to shape with a lathe
trad. (電車)
simp. (电车)
Wikipedia has an article on:
電車 (1)
電車 (2)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (7) (24)
Final () (85) (100)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/denH/ /t͡ɕʰia/
Pan
Wuyun
/denH/ /t͡ɕʰia/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɛnH/ /t͡ɕʰia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɛnH/ /cʰia/
Li
Rong
/denH/ /t͡ɕʰia/
Wang
Li
/dienH/ /t͡ɕʰĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱienH/ /t͡ɕʰi̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
diàn chē
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
din6 ce1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
diàn chē
Middle
Chinese
‹ denH › ‹ tsyhæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*lˁi[n]-s/ /*[t.qʰ](r)A/
English lightning chariot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
No. 11233 1311
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'iːns/ /*kʰlja/

Noun[edit]

電車

  1. tram; streetcar
  2. (Taiwan or in reference to Japan) electric multiple unit train
  3. (Xiamen and Zhangzhou Hokkien, dated) automobile; motor car; sedan
  4. (literary) an ancient covered war wagon/chariot, specializing in raiding enemy camps
    輜車騎寇一名電車兵法電擊 [MSC, trad.]
    辎车骑寇一名电车兵法电击 [MSC, simp.]
    From: 《六韜•軍用》
    Zīchē qíkòu. Yīmíng diànchē, bīngfǎ wèi zhī diànjī. [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In Mainland China, when use 電車/电车 to imply trains, it only means trains in Japan.


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
電車 (densha): an electric multiple unit train.

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
でん
Grade: 2
しゃ
Grade: 1
on’yomi

(den, electric) +‎ (sha, vehicle)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

(でん)(しゃ) (densha

  1. an electric multiple unit train

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2000, Jonathan Bunt, Gillian Hall, The Oxford Starter Japanese Dictionary, First Edition, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

電車 (jeoncha) (hangeul 전차)

  1. Hanja form? of 전차 (streetcar, trolley, tram).