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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷan): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɢʷan)

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大竹土口女 (KHGRV), four-corner 44232, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 716, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20584
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1128, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1361, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+733F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʉɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuan/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐn/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16223
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷan/
Notes

Noun[edit]

  1. an ape

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. monkey

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
さる
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さる, katakana サル, romaji saru)

  1. a monkey
    • 1079, Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (page 10 (back))
      猕猴 二字合訓佐流

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as サル.

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
まし
Grade: S
kun'yomi

‎(hiragana まし, romaji mashi)

  1. (archaic) a monkey

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji in this term
ましら
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ましら, romaji mashira)

  1. (archaic) a monkey

References[edit]

  • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1079) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 12: Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 978-4-7629-3099-7, published 1979.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn, Yale wen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên, vượn, ươi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: viên, vượn

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville