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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(fence) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田土口女 (WGRV), four-corner 60232, composition)

  1. garden
  2. park, orchard

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 220, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4818
  • Dae Jaweon: page 451, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 723, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5712

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (園), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 雨元切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦʉɐn/ /i̯wɐn/ /ɣiuɐn/ /ɦʷiɐn/ /ɦuan/ /ɣĭwɐn/ /ɣiuɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuán ‹ hjwon › /*C.ɢʷa[n]/ garden

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16221 1 /*ɢʷan/

Noun[edit]

  1. garden, orchard
  2. park, public recreational place

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  • “園”, MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[1] (in Mandarin/English), retrieved 2014-02-24

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana えん, romaji en, historical hiragana ゑん)

  1. garden

‎(hiragana その, romaji sono)

  1. garden
  2. park
  3. plantation

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana その, romaji Sono)

  1. A surname​.

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana えん, romaji -en, historical hiragana ゑん)

  1. garden, park

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên, vườn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.