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See also:
U+5712, 園
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5712

[U+5711]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5713]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 31, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田土口女 (WGRV), four-corner 60232, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 220, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4818
  • Dae Jaweon: page 451, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 723, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5712

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
園-seal.svg 園-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɢʷalʔ
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷanʔ, *ɢʷans

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷan): semantic  (fence) + phonetic  (OC *ɢʷan).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hn̂g/hûiⁿ - vernacular;
  • oân - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /yan³⁵/
    Harbin /yan²⁴/
    Tianjin /yan⁴⁵/
    Jinan /yã⁴²/
    Qingdao /yã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /yan⁴²/
    Xi'an /yã²⁴/
    Xining /yã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /yan⁵³/
    Lanzhou /yɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /yan⁵¹/
    Wuhan /yɛn²¹³/
    Chengdu /yan³¹/
    Guiyang /ian²¹/
    Kunming /iɛ̃³¹/
    Nanjing /yen²⁴/
    Hefei /yĩ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ye¹¹/
    Pingyao /ye̞¹³/
    Hohhot /ye³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦyø²³/
    Suzhou /ɦiø¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦyõ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /jy³¹/
    Hui Shexian /ue⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /yɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /yẽ¹³/
    Xiangtan /yẽ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /yɵn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ian¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ʒen¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²¹/
    Nanning /yn²¹/
    Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /uan³⁵/
    /hŋ̍³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xyiŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hŋ̍⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ³¹/
    /hui³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦʉɐn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷiɐn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣiuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣiuɐn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭwɐn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯wɐn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yuán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjwon ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ɢʷa[n]/
    English garden

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16221
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷan/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. garden; orchard
    2. park; public recreational place
    3. (Min) dry land
    4. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. field, plantation
    2. garden, park
    3. preschool (nursery, kindergarten)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    えん
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    /wen//eɴ/

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦʉɐn).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana えん, rōmaji en, historical hiragana ゑん)

    1. preschool
      1. Short for 幼稚園 (yōchien) kindergarten
      2. Short for 保育園 (hoikuen) nursery school

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana えん, rōmaji -en, historical hiragana ゑん)

    1. garden, park
    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana えん, rōmaji En, historical hiragana ゑん)

    1. a female given name
    2. a surname

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    その
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    ⟨so2no2 → */sənə//sono/

    From Old Japanese.

    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana その, rōmaji sono)

    1. an orchard, plantation
    2. a garden, park (especially one with trees)
      Synonyms: 園生 (sonou), 庭園 (teien), (niwa)
    3. a place, location
      Synonym: 場所 (basho)
    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana その, rōmaji Sono)

    1. a female given name
    2. a surname

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune–Reischauer wŏn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (viên, vườn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.