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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷan): semantic  ‎(fence) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɢʷan)

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田土口女 (WGRV), four-corner 60232, composition)

  1. garden
  2. park, orchard

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 220, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4818
  • Dae Jaweon: page 451, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 723, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5712

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yan³⁵/
Harbin /yan²⁴/
Tianjin /yan⁴⁵/
Jinan /yã⁴²/
Qingdao /yã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yan⁴²/
Xi'an /yã²⁴/
Xining /yã²⁴/
Yinchuan /yan⁵³/
Lanzhou /yɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /yan⁵¹/
Wuhan /yɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /yan³¹/
Guiyang /ian²¹/
Kunming /iɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /yen²⁴/
Hefei /yĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ye¹¹/
Pingyao /ye̞¹³/
Hohhot /ye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyø²³/
Suzhou /ɦiø¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦyõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /jy³¹/
Hui Shexian /ue⁴⁴/
Tunxi /yɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /yẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /yɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ian¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²¹/
Nanning /yn²¹/
Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /uan³⁵/
/hŋ̍³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xyiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hŋ̍⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ³¹/
/hui³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʉɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuan/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐn/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɢʷa[n]/
English garden

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16221
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷan/

Noun[edit]

  1. garden, orchard
  2. park, public recreational place

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  • “園”, in MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[1] (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-02-24

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana えん, romaji en, historical hiragana ゑん)

  1. garden

‎(hiragana その, romaji sono)

  1. garden
  2. park
  3. plantation

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana その, romaji Sono)

  1. A surname​.

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana えん, romaji -en, historical hiragana ゑん)

  1. garden, park

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên, vườn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.