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See also:
U+5712, 園
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5712

[U+5711]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5713]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 31, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田土口女 (WGRV), four-corner 60232, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 220, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4818
  • Dae Jaweon: page 451, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 723, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5712

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
園-seal.svg 園-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɢʷalʔ
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷanʔ, *ɢʷans

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷan): semantic  (fence) + phonetic  (OC *ɢʷan).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hn̂g/hûiⁿ - vernacular;
  • oân - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /yan³⁵/
    Harbin /yan²⁴/
    Tianjin /yan⁴⁵/
    Jinan /yã⁴²/
    Qingdao /yã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /yan⁴²/
    Xi'an /yã²⁴/
    Xining /yã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /yan⁵³/
    Lanzhou /yɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /yan⁵¹/
    Wuhan /yɛn²¹³/
    Chengdu /yan³¹/
    Guiyang /ian²¹/
    Kunming /iɛ̃³¹/
    Nanjing /yen²⁴/
    Hefei /yĩ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ye¹¹/
    Pingyao /ye̞¹³/
    Hohhot /ye³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦyø²³/
    Suzhou /ɦiø¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦyõ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /jy³¹/
    Hui Shexian /ue⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /yɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /yẽ¹³/
    Xiangtan /yẽ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /yɵn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ian¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ʒen¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²¹/
    Nanning /yn²¹/
    Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /uan³⁵/
    /hŋ̍³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xyiŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hŋ̍⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ³¹/
    /hui³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦʉɐn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷiɐn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣiuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣiuɐn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭwɐn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯wɐn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yuán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjwon ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ɢʷa[n]/
    English garden

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16221
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷan/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. garden; orchard
    2. park; public recreational place
    3. (Min) dry land
    4. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    えん
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana えん, rōmaji en, historical hiragana ゑん)

    1. garden

    (hiragana その, rōmaji sono)

    1. garden
    2. park
    3. plantation

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana その, rōmaji Sono)

    1. A surname​.

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana えん, rōmaji -en, historical hiragana ゑん)

    1. garden, park

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune–Reischauer wŏn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (viên, vườn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.