orchard

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See also: Orchard

English[edit]

An apple orchard.
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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English orchard, orcherd, from Old English orċeard, ortġeard, a compound of *ort (probably from Proto-Germanic *urtiz, a dissimilated variant of Proto-Germanic *wurt- (wort (plant)), later associated with Latin hortus (garden)) + ġeard (see yard). Cognate with Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐍂𐍄𐌹𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌳𐍃 (aurtigards, orchard), Old High German orzōn (to cultivate a field).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɔː(ɹ).tʃəd/, /ˈɔː(ɹ).tʃɜː(ɹ)d/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

orchard (plural orchards)

  1. A garden or an area of land for the cultivation of fruit or nut trees.
    • 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 1, in The Dust of Conflict[1]:
      [] belts of thin white mist streaked the brown plough land in the hollow where Appleby could see the pale shine of a winding river. Across that in turn, meadow and coppice rolled away past the white walls of a village bowered in orchards, []
  2. The trees themselves cultivated in such an area.

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