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U+4FD7, 俗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FD7

[U+4FD6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FD8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人金人口 (OCOR), four-corner 28268, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 105, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 695
  • Dae Jaweon: page 221, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 163, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4FD7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
俗-bronze.svg 俗-bigseal.svg 俗-seal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lo
*loɡs
*loŋ
*loŋ, *loŋʔ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ, *loŋʔ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋʔ
*ɦkroːɡ, *kloːɡ, *ɡ·loːɡ
*kloːɡ
*ɡloːɡ
*ljoɡ
*loɡ
*loɡ
*loɡ
*ɦkloːɡ
*loɡ
*loɡ
*loɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljoɡ): semantic (person) + phonetic (OC *ɦkroːɡ, *kloːɡ, *ɡ·loːɡ) – customs of people.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sio̍k - literary;
  • sio̍h - vernacular (俗).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /su³⁵/
Harbin /ɕy²⁴/
/su²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕy⁴⁵/
/su⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕy⁴²/
Qingdao /sy⁴²/
Zhengzhou /sy⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕy²⁴/
Xining /ɕy²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /su⁵³/
Ürümqi /su²¹³/
Wuhan /səu²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕyo³¹/
/ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /su³¹/
Nanjing /suʔ⁵/
Hefei /suəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zoʔ¹/
Suzhou /zoʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡zoʔ²/
Wenzhou /jo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /su²²/
Tunxi /siu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /səu²⁴/
Xiangtan /səɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /siuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /siuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚²/
Nanning /suk̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔk̚⁵/
/sioʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /syʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tok̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (17)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ziok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ziok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zuawk̚/
Li
Rong
/ziok̚/
Wang
Li
/zĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ zjowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-[ɢ]ok/
English ways, customs; vulgar

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4302
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljoɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. vulgar; unrefined; common; popular; vernacular
  2. (Min Nan) cheap; inexpensive
  3. custom; practice; habit
  4. (Buddhism) those of the secular world; non-monks

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 便宜 (“cheap”)
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 便宜低廉
Mandarin Beijing 便宜
Taiwan 便宜
Jinan 便宜
Xi'an 便宜
Wuhan 便宜相因
Chengdu 相因便宜
Yangzhou 便宜划廉
Hefei 便宜
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang 平宜
Gan Nanchang 便宜
Hakka Meixian 便宜
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 便宜
Liudui (S. Sixian) 便宜
Hsinchu (Hailu) 便宜
Dongshi (Dabu) 便宜
Zhuolan (Raoping) 便宜
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 便宜
Jin Taiyuan 便宜
Min Bei Jian'ou 便宜
Min Dong Fuzhou 便宜
Min Nan Xiamen 便宜
Quanzhou 便宜
Zhangzhou 便宜
Taipei 便宜
Kaohsiung 便宜
Malaysia 便宜
Chaozhou 便
Wu Shanghai 𠼢便宜
Suzhou 便宜𠼢
Wenzhou 便宜
Xiang Changsha 便宜
Shuangfeng 便宜

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana ぞく, romaji zoku)

  1. worldly
  2. vulgar
  3. common, lay
     (ぞく) ()
    zoku ni iu
    what is commonly referred to as
     (ぞく) ()えば
    zoku ni ieba
    to use a common phrase

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぞく, romaji zoku)

  1. worldliness
  2. vulgarity
  3. the laity, mundane things, common man
  4. customs

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sok) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tục)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.