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U+4FD8, 俘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FD8

[U+4FD7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FD9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人月弓木 (OBND), four-corner 22247, composition)

  1. prisoner of war
  2. take as prisoner

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 105, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 697
  • Dae Jaweon: page 222, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 164, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4FD8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script
孚-oracle.svg 孚-bronze.svg 孚-bronze-spring.svg 孚-bronze-warring.svg 孚-silk.svg 孚-slip.svg 俘-seal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*brɯwʔ, *browʔ, *pʰuw
*pʰruː
*bruː, *buw
*browʔ, *pʰuw
*pu, *bu
*bu
*bu
*bu, *pʰuw
*bu, *pʰuw
*bu
*bu
*bu
*bu
*pʰuw
*pʰuw
*pʰuw
*pʰuw
*pʰuw
*pʰuw

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (2)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰio/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰuə̆/
Li
Rong
/pʰio/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3355
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰuw/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to capture (enemy at war)
  2. prisoner of war

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (fu)
  • Kan-on: (fu)
  • Kun: とりこ (toriko, )

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とりこ, rōmaji toriko)

  1. prisoner, captive
  2. slave to one's emotions

Alternative forms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bu) (hangeul , revised bu, McCune–Reischauer pu)

  1. captive