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See also:
U+8C37, 谷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C37

[U+8C36]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C38]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
谷-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 150, +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 金人口 (COR), four-corner 80608, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #150, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1189, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36182
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1652, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3902, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8C37

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
谷-oracle.svg 谷-bronze.svg 谷-seal.svg 谷-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lo
*loɡs
*loŋ
*loŋ, *loŋʔ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ, *loŋʔ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋʔ
*ɦkroːɡ, *kloːɡ, *ɡ·loːɡ
*kloːɡ
*ɡloːɡ
*ljoɡ
*loɡ
*loɡ
*loɡ
*ɦkloːɡ
*loɡ
*loɡ
*loɡ

Pictogram (象形) — valley () in between two mountains.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kl(j)u(ŋ/k) (river; gorge). Cognate with Tibetan ལྗོངས (ljongs), Tibetan ཀླུང (klung) and Tibetan ལུང་པ (lung pa).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (28)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/kuk̚/
Wang
Li
/kuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qˁok/
English valley

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 4299
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kloːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. valley; gorge; ravine
  2. mountain stream
  3. (figuratively) difficult position; predicament
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (36)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juawk̚/
Li
Rong
/iok̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 4310
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·loːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 吐谷渾吐谷浑 (tǔyùhún, “Tuyuhun: name of an ancient nomadic people in northwestern China”).

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (37)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/luk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/luk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ləwk̚/
Li
Rong
/luk̚/
Wang
Li
/luk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 4298
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦkroːɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 谷蠡 (“title for Xiongnu officials”).

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“corn; grain; cereal; salary; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. valley
  2. lowland, plain

Readings[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kuk̚, “valley, gorge”):

From Middle Chinese (MC luk̚), as in 吐谷渾 (Toyokukon, Tuyuhun):

From Middle Chinese (MC jɨok̚), as in 谷蠡 (Rokuri):

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
たに
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たに, rōmaji tani)

  1. a valley (elongated depression between hills or mountains)
  2. a trough (low portion of a wave cycle)
  3. an intersection of two receding roof slopes
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana たに, rōmaji Tani)

  1. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
やつ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Possibly from Ainu [Term?].

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana やつ, rōmaji yatsu)

  1. a low-lying wetland
  2. a valley
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Possibly a shift from yatsu above.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji ya)

  1. a valley
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
やち
Grade: 2
Irregular

Variant shift from yatsu above.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana やち, rōmaji yachi)

  1. (regional) Same as やつ (yatsu) above

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
やと
Grade: 2
Irregular

Another variant shift from yatsu above.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana やと, rōmaji yato)

  1. Same as やつ (yatsu) above

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2
Irregular
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さこ, rōmaji sako)

  1. (regional, especially Kansai) a small valley

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gok, yok) (hangeul , , revised gok, yok, McCune–Reischauer kok, yok, Yale kok, yok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cốc, góc, hốc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.