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See also:
U+8C37, 谷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C37

[U+8C36]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C38]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
谷-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 150 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 金人口 (COR), four-corner 80608)

  1. Kangxi radical #150, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1189, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36182
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1652, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3902, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8C37

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
谷-oracle.svg 谷-bronze.svg 谷-bigseal.svg 谷-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
lo
loɡs
loŋ
loŋ, *loŋʔ
loŋ
loŋ
loŋ, *loŋʔ
loŋ
loŋ
loŋ
loŋ
loŋ
loŋ
loŋʔ
ɦkroːɡ, *kloːɡ, *ɡ·loːɡ
kloːɡ
ɡloːɡ
ljoɡ
loɡ
loɡ
loɡ
ɦkloːɡ
loɡ
loɡ
loɡ

Pictogram (象形) — valley () in between two mountains.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kl(j)u(ŋ/k) (river; gorge). Cognate with Tibetan ལྗོངས (ljongs), Tibetan ཀླུང (klung) and Tibetan ལུང་པ (lung pa).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4
Initial () (28)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/kuk̚/
Wang
Li
/kuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 4299
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kloːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. valley; gorge; ravine
  2. mountain stream
  3. (figuratively) difficult position; predicament
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/4
Initial () (36)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juawk̚/
Li
Rong
/iok̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 4310
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·loːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 吐谷渾吐谷浑 (tǔyùhún, “Tuyuhun: name of an ancient nomadic people in northwestern China”).

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4
Initial () (37)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/luk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/luk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ləwk̚/
Li
Rong
/luk̚/
Wang
Li
/luk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 4298
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦkroːɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 谷蠡 (“title for Xiongnu officials”).

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“grain”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. valley

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji in this term
たに
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たに, rōmaji tani)

  1. a valley (elongated depression between hills or mountains)

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana たに, rōmaji Tani)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gok, yok) (hangeul , , revised gok, yok, McCune-Reischauer kok, yok, Yale kok, yok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cốc, góc, hốc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.