orthodox

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See also: Orthodox

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin orthodoxus, from Ancient Greek ὀρθόδοξος (orthódoxos), from ὀρθός (orthós, straight) + δόξα (dóxa, opinion).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

orthodox (comparative more orthodox, superlative most orthodox)

  1. Conforming to the accepted, established, or traditional doctrines of a given faith, religion, or ideology. [from 15th c.]
    Antonyms: heretical, heterodox, unorthodox
    • 2005, Alister E McGrath, Iustitia Dei:
      Five important modifications were made by the Pietists to the orthodox doctrine of justification, each corresponding to a distinctive aspect of the movement's agenda.
    • 2009, Andrew Brown, The Guardian, 23 Dec 2009:
      ‘These speakers are academics who have specialised in Islamic sciences and are well respected in scholarly circles. It is grossly unjust to suggest that they belong to some fringe ideology rather than orthodox Islam.’
  2. Adhering to whatever is customary, traditional, or generally accepted.
    Synonyms: conservative, conventional
    Antonyms: liberal, outlandish, unorthodox
    • 1838, [Edward Bulwer-Lytton], chapter VII, in Alice or The Mysteries: [] In Three Volumes, volume I, London: Saunders and Otley, [], OCLC 2844716, book III, pages 297–298:
      She tattled on: first to one, then to the other—then to all, till she had tattled herself out of breath;—and then the orthodox half hour had expired, and the bell was rung, and the carriage ordered, and Mrs. Hare rose to depart.
  3. (botany) Of pollen, seed, or spores: viable for a long time; viable when dried to low moisture content.
    Antonym: recalcitrant

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Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin orthodoxus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌɔr.toːˈdɔks/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: or‧tho‧dox
  • Rhymes: -ɔks

Adjective[edit]

orthodox (not comparable)

  1. orthodox
    1. (ideology, religion) conforming to conventional norms in opinion or practice
      Karl Kautsky was een orthodoxe socialist.Karl Kautsky was an orthodox socialist.
    2. (more generally) staying close to established customs, not particularly innovative

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of orthodox
uninflected orthodox
inflected orthodoxe
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial orthodox
indefinite m./f. sing. orthodoxe
n. sing. orthodox
plural orthodoxe
definite orthodoxe
partitive orthodox

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin orthodoxus, from Ancient Greek ὀρθόδοξος (orthódoxos), from ὀρθός (orthós, straight) + δόξα (dóxa, opinion).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

orthodox (comparative orthodoxer, superlative am orthodoxesten)

  1. (religion, sometimes other ideologies) orthodox
    Er ist orthodoxer Marxist.
    He is an orthodox Marxist.
  2. (religion) Orthodox
    Er ist orthodoxer Jude.
    He is an Orthodox Jew.

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