平常

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Chinese[edit]

 
flat; level; equal
flat; level; equal; to make the same score; to tie; to draw; calm; peaceful
 
always; ever; often
always; ever; often; frequently; common; general; constant
simp. and trad.
(平常)
anagram 常平

Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

平常

  1. ordinary; common; usual; not rare; unexceptional
  2. (euphemistic) so-so; average

Synonyms[edit]

  • (ordinary):
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  • (so-so):
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Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

平常

  1. ordinarily; usually; generally

Synonyms[edit]

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Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (平常):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
へい
Grade: 3
じょう
Grade: 5
goon kan’on

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 平常 (MC biᴇn|bˠiæŋ d͡ʑɨɐŋ). First appears in the 818 C.E. poetry compilation 文華秀麗集 (Bunka Shūrei Shū, literally Collection of Beautiful Splendid Writing).[1]

The mixed reading with goon for the first character and kan'on for the second character suggests a shift in the reading after initial borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

平常(へいじょう) (heijō-na (adnominal 平常(へいじょう) (heijō na), adverbial 平常(へいじょう) (heijō ni), historical kana へいじやう)

  1. common, ordinary, usual
    Synonyms: 通常 (tsūjō), 普通 (futsū)
    Antonyms: 特殊 (tokushu), 特別 (tokubetsu)
  2. normal, not emergency
    Synonym: 正常 (seijō)
    Antonyms: 異常 (ijō), 非常 (hijō)

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

平常(へいじょう) (heijō (historical kana へいじやう)

  1. commonness, ordinariness, usuality
  2. normality

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Adjective[edit]

平常

  1. Hán tự form of bình thường (normal; ordinary; usual).

Adverb[edit]

平常

  1. Hán tự form of bình thường (normally; usually).