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U+6D1B, 洛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D1B

[U+6D1A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D1C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水竹水口 (EHER), four-corner 37164, composition)

  1. Several Chinese rivers
  2. A surname​.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 620, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17383
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1016, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1614, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6D1B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
洛-oracle.svg 洛-bronze.svg 洛-bigseal.svg 洛-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰraːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 *ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
*klaːɡ
*kʰlaːɡ
*kʰaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡ·raɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luo⁵¹/
Harbin /luo⁵³/
Tianjin /lɤ⁵³/
Jinan /luə²¹/
Qingdao /luə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luo²⁴/
Xi'an /luo²¹/
Xining /lu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /luə¹³/
Lanzhou /luə¹³/
Ürümqi /luɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /nuo²¹³/
Chengdu /no³¹/
Guiyang /no²¹/
Kunming /lo³¹/
Nanjing /loʔ⁵/
Hefei /luɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luaʔ²/
Pingyao /lʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /luaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /loʔ¹/
Suzhou /loʔ³/
Hangzhou /loʔ²/
Wenzhou /lo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /lɔ²²/
Tunxi /lo⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /lo²⁴/
Xiangtan /no²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /lɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lok̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lɔk̚³/
Nanning /lɔk̚³³/
Hong Kong /lɔk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lɔk̚⁵/
/loʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /louʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lɔ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lak̚/
Li
Rong
/lɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/lɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3866
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·raːɡ/

Proper noun[edit]

  1. (geography) Luo River (洛) in Shaanxi, a tributary of the Wei River.
  2. (geography) Luo River (洛) in Henan, a tributary of the Yellow River.
  3. (geography) Luo River (洛) in Fujian, which flows into the Taiwan Strait in Quanzhou.
  4. A Chinese surname.
  5. (Mainland) Used in the phonetic transcription of /lɒ/, /lɔː/, and /loʊ/ into Chinese characters

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(rak>nak) (hangeul >, revised rak>nak, McCune-Reischauer rak>nak, Yale lak>nak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lạc, rặc, chua, lặng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.